'Bean' is a plant in the Phaseolus genus with a scientific name of Phaseolus vulgaris. The botanical name epithet for Bean (vulgaris) means 'common'.
Beans are self pollinating and are relatively easy to germinate under normal growing conditions – and are thus a good crop to consider for beginner gardeners.
Beans have either a bush growing habit, or a climbing growing habit. If growing climbing beans, they can be used as a decorative screen or trained over arches. Beans are one of the “Three Sisters” that provided the foundation of Native American agriculture (others are squash and maize) and originate from South Mexico, Central America.
Beans are usually grown as an edible legume – both dried and fresh. They can be eaten in their unripe state, or the mature dried form is commonly eaten for protein. Can also be grown for its use as a leaf vegetable, and is also often grown for fodder. They are a fantastic crop to consider growing to improve your soil naturally without fertilisers – they are one of the few plants that fix nitrogen into the soil.It is an edible vegetable / legume and is treated mainly as an annual/perennial, so it can grow either as a single season or multiple season plant. Bean normally grows to a climbing habit with a max height of 1.30 feet (that's 40.0 cm metric). Expect blooming to occur in early summer and harvesting to start by mid summer. Popular varieties of Bean with home gardeners are Kentucky wonder, Blue Lake, Blue Lake 274, Contender, and Pole Bean.
Mexico is thought to be the country of origin for Bean.
Bean is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Bean have been kindly provided by our members.
- A three-year rotation helps reduce some diseases. Make sure your beans have good drainage as they can be susceptible to root rot.
- Ensure you don’t add too much nitrogen to the soil – as beans fix nitrogen into the soil, they don’t need any extra. If too much nitrogen is added to the soil, the bean plants will produce lots of leaves and vines but little fruit.
- You can succession plant beans to ensure a more regular harvest throughout the season.
Beans can either be sown directly in the soil outside, or can be germinated indoors. Indoor germination tends to be faster and more reliable. Never soak bean seeds before germination as they tend to crack easily – this leads to poor germination.
To sow inside, prepare a propagator tray or series of small pots with multipurpose compost. Sow one seed per pot / space, about 4 cm deep, cover with soil and water in gently. Position in a sunny spot to germinate – a windowsill is often an ideal location.Sow 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) deep with a guideline distance of 3.9 inches (10.0 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 16°C / 61°F to ensure good germination.
By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Bean about 14 days after your last frost date .
Prepare the soil by adding lots of organic matter to the soil – this will help to increase the soil’s ability to retain water, and will ensure the beans have enough nutrients in the soil to begin growing as they love to grow in rich soils. Well rotted compost or manure are ideal for this. Choose a good spot for your beans: they tend to do best with at least 6 hours of sunlight a day.
If transplanting from seedlings, ensure that the seedlings are fully acclimatised to the outside weather by hardening off over the course of at least a week. To do this, set them outside for a couple of hours daily increasing the time spent outside gradually until you have left them outside for an entire day.
Ensure that all danger of frost has passed, as beans are cold sensitive.
Spacing will depend on the variety of bean, but in general aim to plant bush beans 2-4 inches (5-10cm) apart in rows 18-22 inches (45-55cm) apart. Pole beans should be planted a little further apart as they have more of a sprawling habit: aim for 4-6 inches (10-15cm) apart in rows of 30-36 inches (70-90cm).
Harvest the beans when the pods are fully elongated, and are firm. This should be before the seed inside matures. Try to pick the beans when the plant is dry, as picking when wet can spread disease – particularly bacterial blight. Try to snip off cleanly using scissors or shears instead of pulling at the plant as this can cause damage to the brittle stems. Harvest regularly as the plant will develop more flowers and fruits this way.
After harvest it is important to compost or till under the leaves and stalks of the plant as all the nitrogen beans fix is in the plant and not the soil.2
Leave the pods on the plant until they are dry and brown. If frost threatens, remove whole plant and hang to dry. Shell or thresh to remove seeds. 3
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Bean so consider planting:
Eggplant, Summer savory, Corn (three sisters), Spinach, lettuce, rosemary, summer savory, dill, carrots, brassicas, beets, radish, strawberry and cucumbers 1
These plants will not grow well with Bean so avoid planting these within close proximity:
Chili peppers, Tomatoes, Sunflowers, Onion, Garlic, Cabbage, Broccoli 1
Bean hates Beetroot
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Bean plants:
Also known as greenfly and blackfly, Aphids are a common sap-sucking garden p...
Tetranychus urticae (an animal with over 60 common names, including red spide...
Tend to cause plants to turn a yellow green and produce few or no pods.
Disease which causes bright yellow or brown spots on leaves.
The botanical epithet is from the Latin vulgaris meaning “common”
Bush bean, Green bean, French bean, Pole bean, Beans, Bush beans, Blue greasy grits pole bean
Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Misspellings: Climing been, Stringless Green Bean, Haricot Vertes,
20 Feb 2013
Tough as nails, easy to grow organically. Tolerated heat, soil nematodes, powdery mildew, some flooding, brief drought, poor rocky soil, pest insects, even some breakage and root disturbance. Just kept right on making beans!
19 Feb 2013
A favorite of ours. Very prolific. Delicious steamed together with some green beans, beets, thinly sliced onions,home-grown Basil and a little sea salt. Plants need to be supported for best crop.
29 Dec 2012
An excellent pole bean. Unfortunately, also a favorite of my local neighbourhood deer.
05 Sep 2012
Very hardy, and came back even after a major deer munching.
They should be picked while smaller than you would think for pole beans, because they get unpleasant tough really quickly when they are bigger – maybe these are better for dried beans then as
02 Sep 2012
beans finished, leaves dying off
Bean care instructions
How long does Bean take to grow?
Our when to plant Bean estimates are relative to your last frost date. Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!
Popular varieties of Bean
- Kentucky wonder
- Blue Lake
- Blue Lake 274
- Pole Bean
- Blue Lake Bush
- Dragon's tongue
- Royal Burgundy
- Dwarf french
View the complete variety list for Bean »
This group is intended to act as a platform for individuals to talk about various legumes including beans, peas, fava...10 members / 2 topics