Seed Swaps


Allium cepa var. aggregatum

Shallot is a plant which belongs to the Allium genus.

Shallots are normally planted as sets and grow into clusters of small offsets. They have a flavour very similar to onion, but are sweeter and more delicate. The bulbs are coloured either pink or golden brown and are more productive overall than their bigger counterparts. Quite an easy plant to grow in the vegetable patch, as it requires little maintenance.

Blooms appear in these approximate colours:   Anti-flash white and   Languid lavender and   Lavender purple. The mature flowers are of a pompon form. Leaves appear approximately as a   Forest green (web)

Shallot grows as a perennial and is a flowering edible vegetable / herb. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater).

Shallot is known for its clump-forming habit and growing to a height of approximately 45.0 cm (1.46 feet). This plant tends to bloom in mid summer.

Popular varieties of Shallot with home gardeners are Scallion, French Red, Dutch Yellow, Multiplier Onion and Golden Gourmet.

As Shallot is a low maintanence plant, it is great for beginner gardeners and those that like gardens that don't need much overseeing.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Shallot have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Shallot

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Keep watered when weather is dry. Keep an eye out for flower spikes and remove to direct energy back into the plant (or, in some varieties, let the flowers mature to yield seed – a less typical but viable way to propagate).

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Zone 3 to 10 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Ensure your soil is loamy and has a ph of between 6.0 and 7.0 as Shallot is a weakly acidic soil - neutral soil loving plant. Keep in mind when planting that Shallot is thought of as very hardy, so this plant will tend to survive through freezing conditions.

See our list of companion Plants for Shallot to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Shallot from seed

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.98 inches (2.5 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 13°C / 55°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Shallot about 28 days before your last frost date .

Transplanting Shallot

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Shallot is a very hardy plant.

Harvesting Shallot

Shallots should be ready to harvest when the foliage starts to turn a yellow colour. Lift the bulbs out of the soil carefully using a hand fork, separate and lay them out to dry.

Seed Saving Shallot

Shallows are typically propagated by replanting bulbs. Some varieties also set viable seed, although most gardeners follow a habit of removing any flowers before they can reach this stage.

How long does Shallot take to grow?

These estimates for how long Shallot takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Shallot to germinate?
16 days

Average 16 days | Min 2 days | Max 48 days (114)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Shallot?
+ 8 days

Average 8 days | Min 7 days | Max 12 days (2)

Days to Maturity How long until Shallot is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 142 days

Average 142 days | Min 23 days | Max 258 days (27)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Shallot?
= 166 days

When should I plant Shallot?

Our when to plant Shallot estimates are relative to your last frost date.

Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!

When to sow The number of days to sow Shallot before or after your last frost date.
28 days before Last Frost Date

Other names for Shallot

Potato onion

Allium cepa (Aggregatum Group), Allium cepa var. ascalonicum, Allium cepa var. aggregatum, Allium ascalonicum, Allium cepa Aggregatum Group

Misspellings: shalot, shallots, scallions

Latest Shallot Reviews

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