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Chili pepper 'Serrano'   

Capsicum annuum longum group

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Serrano is part of the Capsicum genus and is a Chili pepper variety. Its scientific name is Capsicum annuum longum group 'Serrano'. Serrano is generally thought of as a open-polliated variety. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Cal Poly green and   Red-orange.

Serrano peppers grow as small waxy green fruits with thin walls that typically ripen to red. They are typically eaten raw and have a crisp, intense spicy flavour. The smaller the fruits are, the more kick they tend to produce.

The serrano pepper’s Scoville rating is 10,000 to 25,000 and thus sits roughly in the center of the scoville scale.

Serrano grows as a Perennial and is a Vegetable. Being a Perennial, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater). Serrano normally grows to a max height of 1.49 feet (45.72 cm metric).

Mexico is believed to be where Serrano originates from.

Serrano Chili pepper is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This variety plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Serrano have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Serrano

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Some varieties may need to be supported with a cane as the fruit develops.

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Serrano is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside. USDA Hardiness Zone 5 to 12 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Serrano needs a loamy and sandy soil with a ph of 7.0 to 8.5 (neutral soil to weakly alkaline soil).

Growing Serrano from seed

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.2 inches (0.5 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 18°C / 64°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations, you should look at sowing Serrano about 38 days before your last frost date.

Transplanting Serrano

Transplant out when all danger of frost has passed.

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Serrano is a tender plant.

Harvesting Serrano

How can I tell if my serrano chilis are ripe and ready to pick?
Serranos will turn red, orange, yellow or brown when ripe, although they can also be eaten when green.

This variety tends to be ready for harvesting by late summer.

Chili pepper Serrano Etymology

The name of the pepper is a reference to the mountains of the regions of Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo – in english “serrano” means highlands.

Serrano folklore & trivia

When pickled they are known as a sport pepper.1

Latest Chili pepper 'Serrano' Reviews

  • Pick them often (green or red) and have a bumper crop all season. Great flavor and medium heat. Good in salsas, added to almost any food dish for a little zip, or smoke them and grind into powder.

    5 stars

    Sprocket1980 about growing Pepper - Serrano

See all Serrano reviews and experiences »

Footnotes

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