Serrano is part of the Capsicum genus and is a Chili pepper variety. Its scientific name is Capsicum annuum longum group 'Serrano'. Serrano is generally thought of as a open-polliated variety. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours: Cal Poly green and Red-orange.
Serrano peppers grow as small waxy green fruits with thin walls that typically ripen to red. They are typically eaten raw and have a crisp, intense spicy flavour. The smaller the fruits are, the more kick they tend to produce.
The serrano pepper’s Scoville rating is 10,000 to 25,000 and thus sits roughly in the center of the scoville scale.Serrano grows as a Perennial and is a Vegetable. Being a Perennial, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater). Serrano normally grows to a max height of 1.49 feet (45.72 cm metric).
Mexico is believed to be where Serrano originates from.
Serrano Chili pepper is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.
This variety plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Serrano have been kindly provided by our members.
Some varieties may need to be supported with a cane as the fruit develops.Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Serrano is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside. USDA Hardiness Zone 5 to 12 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Serrano needs a loamy and sandy soil with a ph of 7.0 to 8.5 (neutral soil to weakly alkaline soil).
By our calculations, you should look at sowing Serrano about 38 days before your last frost date.
Transplant out when all danger of frost has passed.Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Serrano is a tender plant.
How can I tell if my serrano chilis are ripe and ready to pick?
Serranos will turn red, orange, yellow or brown when ripe, although they can also be eaten when green.
The name of the pepper is a reference to the mountains of the regions of Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo – in english “serrano” means highlands.
When pickled they are known as a sport pepper.1
Pick them often (green or red) and have a bumper crop all season. Great flavor and medium heat. Good in salsas, added to almost any food dish for a little zip, or smoke them and grind into powder.
Sprocket1980 about growing Pepper - Serrano
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