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Chili pepper 'Cayenne'  

Capsicum annuum longum group

  • 234 plantings
  • 18 available for swap
  • 16 wanted
  • 95 stashed

Cayenne is part of the Capsicum genus and is a Chili pepper variety. Its scientific name is Capsicum annuum longum group 'Cayenne'. This variety typically produces fruit in the following colours:   Boston University Red.

Hot chili pepper used to flavor dishes. Turns red when ripen to maturity but it can also be eaten when still green.

When ripe they are picked and dried then ground1, or pulped and baked into cakes, these cakes are then ground and sifted to make the powdered spice of the same name.

This variety is a Vegetable that typically grows as an Perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more. Cayenne normally grows with a erect-like habit with a max height of 1.62 feet (that's 50.0 cm metric). Expect blooming to occur in early summer.

Mexico is believed to be where Cayenne originates from.

Typically, Cayenne Chili pepper is normally fairly low maintenance and can thus be quite easy to grow - only a basic level of care is required throughout the year to ensure it thrives. Being aware of the basic growing conditions this plant likes (soil, sun and water) will result in a strong and vibrant plant.

This variety plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Cayenne have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Cayenne

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Some varieties may need to be supported with a cane as the fruit develops.

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Cayenne is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside. Use USDA Hardiness Zone 9 - 11 as your guideline for the appropriate climate for this plant. Cayenne requires a loamy and sandy soil with a ph of 7.0 - 8.5 - it grows best in neutral soil to weakly alkaline soil.

Growing Cayenne from seed

Soak seeks in water overnight before sowing.

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.2 inches (0.5 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 24°C / 75°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations, you should look at sowing Cayenne about 50 days before your last frost date.

Transplanting Cayenne

Transplant out when all danger of frost has passed.

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Cayenne is a tender plant.

Harvesting Cayenne

At harvest time Cayenne peppers turn red. It is advisable, when harvesting, to use gloves as these peppers are hot.

Expect harvests to start to occur in late summer.

Chili pepper Cayenne Etymology

Named after the city of Cayenne in French Guiana, it is a cultivar of capsicum annum, related to bell peppers, jalapenos and others.2

Cayenne folklore & trivia

In herbal medicin, it is a powerful, warming stimulant that acts on the digestion and the circulation, and has been used to treat a wide range of complaints, including arthritis, chilblains, colic and diarrhoea.3 The active constituent, capsaicin, desensitises nerve endings, and has been used as a local analgesic3. Powdered cayenne is popularly used (with lemon juice) as a remedy for sore throats, and when diluted with honey and water, as a gargle3.

Other Names for Chili pepper 'Cayenne'

Cayenne Pepper, Guinea Spice, Cow horn-pepper, aleva, bird pepper, red pepper

Latest Chili pepper 'Cayenne' Reviews

  • Cayenne peppers are still going and I harvested quite a few and made good tasting vinegar. Surprisingly these plants have some cold tolerance here in zone 9.

    3 stars

    Kevalsha about growing Cayenne

See all Cayenne reviews and experiences »


1 How to make dried cayenne pepper

2 Cayenne Pepper Nutrition Facts

3 :The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants: A Practical Reference Guide to over 550 Key Herbs and Their Medicinal Uses; Andrew Chevallier; published 1996

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