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Lavandula angustifolia

Lavender is part of the Lavandula genus. Its scientific name is Lavandula angustifolia.

Lavender is a medium-sized, herbaceous to semi-woody, semi-evergreen perennial with an upright growth habit. It grows in clumps, and when happy in its spot can get quite large. Depending on the variety, the leaves are gray-green or green-purple in the Summer and silver-green or gray-bronze in the Winter, and are aromatic when brushed or crushed. Small flowers grow at the tips of the stems from mid- to late-summer, and vary in color from blue-purple, lavender, violet-blue, to white-pink depending on the variety.

Blooms typically mature to a diameter of 0.2 cm (0.08 inches imperial) and produce a lavender fragrance, whilst displaying in these approximate colours:   Lavender indigo and   Lavender (floral) and   Dark lavender. The mature flowers take a funnel form, with an approximate petal count of 1. Leaves appear approximately as a   Dark sea green and   Sap green

It is a flowering edible herb / ornamental and is treated mainly as a perennial, so it grows best over a period of time (3 years and greater).

Lavender is known for its forb habit and growing to a height of approximately 60.0 cm (1.95 feet). This plant tends to bloom in mid summer.

If you would like to attract butterflies and bees to your garden, consider growing this plant.

Popular varieties of Lavender with home gardeners are Munstead, Hidcote, Lady, Vera and Munstead Dwarf.

Spain is thought to be the country of origin for Lavender.

Lavender is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Lavender have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Lavender

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Sun

  • Medium

Pruning is required to keep lavender neat. Young plants should be pruned soon after blooming to encourage them into a compact shape, or to train them to size. Any parts of the plant that are killed over the winter should be pruned out in early spring. If older, woody plants are looking a bit tired, they can be cut back half way when new growth begins in spring to rejuvenate them. If needed (due to size or age) or desired (to make more plants), lavender can be divided in the fall.

Position in a full sun / partial sun location and remember to water moderately. As a rough idea of the types of climates Lavender does best in, check to see if your local area is within USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 9. Lavender needs a sandy, loamy and silty soil with a ph of 6.1 to 8.5 (weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil). Keep in mind when planting that Lavender is thought of as hardy, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.

See our list of companion Plants for Lavender to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Lavender from seed

Seeds are slow to germinate. Cover them slightly and they will germinate in 1 to 3 months. When large enough to handle transplant to individual pots and grow in a greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter, planting them out late the next spring later the last expected frost.3
Lavender is easier from cuttings taken with a heel( a small amount of stem skin achieved by pulling off a side shoot) in mid summer. Strike into very gritty compost using a clay pot and positioning the cuttings around the perimeter.

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.23 inches (0.6 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 15°C / 59°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Lavender about 1 days after your last frost date .

Transplanting Lavender

Deadheading after first bloom may encourage plants to rebloom. Avoid pruning after late summer until new growth begins the following spring. Cut back heavily (to about 6 inches) every 2 to 3 years to keep plants from getting straggly. Do not cut into old wood. Replace plants every 10 years.3

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Lavender is a hardy plant.

Harvesting Lavender

Lavender spikes may be cut in bud for some purposes such as making lavender fans. For more flower fragrance, wait till the flowers are opening; cutting early rather than later is recommended.

Hang the stems to dry tied in small bundles out of the sun with some ventilation, or spread out loosely on a screen or newspaper. A warm, dry place is important to prevent the stems molding.

Seed Saving Lavender

Lavender seeds can be obtained by cutting the stalks as they are just starting to go to seed then tying them into a bundle. Put the bundle flowers down into a paper bag and store in a dry cool place for at least a couple of weeks.

Seed viability is five years.

How long does Lavender take to grow?

These estimates for how long Lavender takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Lavender to germinate?
11 days

Average 11 days | Min 1 days | Max 37 days (140)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Lavender?
+ 35 days

Average 35 days | Min 17 days | Max 84 days (5)

Days to Maturity How long until Lavender is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 586 days

Average 586 days | Min 335 days | Max 1433 days (20)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Lavender?
= 632 days

When should I plant Lavender?

Our when to plant Lavender estimates are relative to your last frost date.

Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!

When to sow The number of days to sow Lavender before or after your last frost date.
1 days after Last Frost Date

Lavender Etymology

Lavo is Latin for wash in reference to using lavender as an aromatic wash. 1

Angustifolius is Latin for "thin"or “narrow”.2

Lavender Folklore & Trivia

Lavender is often used as a calmative in sachets and pillows to encourage sleep (or even dreaming) and sometimes is used in love potions.

Other names for Lavender

Common lavender, Garden lavender, English lavender, True lavender, narrow-leaved lavender

Lavandula officinalis, Lavandula spica, Lavandula vera

Misspellings: Lavendar, Lavander, lavendula, Lavenda, Lavandula augustifolia, Lavdener lavenduta

Latest Lavender Reviews

  • The pot sticker said this was a standard purple lavender, when I bought it 3 weeks ago, but it is actually a beautiful soft pink! I’m very impressed.

    5 stars

    gillespieza about growing Lavender 'Elegance Pink'
  • Prune off dried flower stems.

    0 stars

    SarahSmile about growing Lavender
  • This may be a dwarf version of the oh so traditional English Lavender, but don’t let that fool you. The scent on this plant is amazing! It packs just as much punch as it’s full sized brother, and is just as easy to care for.

    5 stars

    goddessjoy about growing Dwarf English Lavender

See all Lavender reviews and experiences »


Lavender Forums

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