'Strawberry' is a plant in the Fragaria (Strawberry) genus with a scientific name of Fragaria x ananassa.
Strawberries grow as a low, sprawling plant and typically produce a generous bounty of fruits throughout the growing season. This plant is ideal for beginner gardeners due to its easy to grow nature, and the fact that they grow almost anywhere, and do not take up as much room as other fruit crops.
Strawberry plants live many years but fruit production will degrade after about three years. Strawberries will bear fruit in their second season.
Three types of strawberries are readily available to the home gardener:
June Bearing-produce a large crop in late spring. Good for freezing or jam.
Ever Bearing strawberries produce several flushes of crop usually starting in late spring and then another one or two later in the year.
Day Neutral plants are capable of producing fruit throughout most of the growing season.
Strawberries hold their leaves all year, and have small white simple flowers in the spring. These are pollenated by insects and the recipitical swells to produce the bright red berry.
After the crop the plant sends out runners that can easily be made to root in a pot, and after theses have established roots, they can be cut free to make new plants. It is useful to take advantage of these free plants, as the life of a strawberry plant is not many season, being renewed after the second or third season.
Blooms appear in these approximate colours: Antique white and Painter yellow and Pink lace. When mature, they grow to 1.0 cm (0.39 inches imperial) in diameter. The mature flowers take a single form, with an approximate petal count of 5. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours: Debian red and Candy apple red. Leaves appear approximately as a British racing green and Dark spring green
It is a flowering edible fruit / flower that typically grows as a perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more.
Strawberry is known for growing with a clump-forming habit to a height of approximately 20.0 cm (that's 7.8 inches in imperial). Expect blooming to occur in early summer and harvesting to start by mid summer.
This plant is a great attractor for butterflies and bees, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Strawberry is a great choice.
Strawberry is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Strawberry have been kindly provided by our members.
Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun / partial sun and remember to water moderately. As a rough idea of the types of climates Strawberry does best in, check to see if your local area is within USDA Hardiness Zones 3 and 10. Ideally plant in loamy and clay soil and try to keep the ph of your soil between the range of 5.0 and 7.5 as Strawberry likes to be in moderately acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Strawberry is thought of as hardy, so this plant will grow or become dormant during the winter.
See our list of companion Plants for Strawberry to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
Although strawberries are most commonly grown from runners, it is possible to grow from seed. Germinate on the surface of a good free draining, damp seed compost. Do not cover the seed.Sow at a depth of approx. 0.0 inches (0.0 cm) and aim for a distance of at least 11.7 inches (30.0 cm) between Strawberry plants. Soil temperature should be kept higher than 14°C / 57°F to ensure good germination.
Ensure you leave enough space for the plant to sprawl and plant out only when the danger of frosts have passed.
Can be planted in a pot or trough grow bag or hanging basket
Or started off under glass to make early flowers and lengthen the cropping season.
Harvest only fully ripe berries, as they will not ripen after being picked. Harvesting should start roughly 4-6 weeks after blossoming.
Always cut from the stem instead of pulling the berry from the plant to minimise damage to the strawberry plant.
You can store the picked berries in the refrigerator for up to 5 days, but they will taste at their best when first picked.
Freezing berries is an option, if you have too many to deal with all at once. However the structure of the berry does not keep well on thawing and frozen berries are best used to make jam or smoothies
These estimates for how long Strawberry takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.
Average 13 days | Min 7 days | Max 37 days (13)
Average 29 days | Min 12 days | Max 415 days (5)
Average 105 days | Min 2 days | Max 299 days (356)
The name “strawberry” is said to originate from the fact that they were often mulched using straw. Another possible origination of the name is a derivation of ‘strayberries’ in reference to their runners straying from the mother plant. A third possibility is that it is from the word ‘streow’ or hay from the berries ripening at the same time the hay was harvested. 2
Fragaria is latin for strawberry, ananassa means ‘like ananas’ (a genus best known for the species Ananas comosus, the pineapple), referring to the delicious smell of hybrid strawberries.
Misspellings: Strawberries, strabery, Starwberry
Some of my berries grew nicely and produced good fruit. Others didn’t do so well and will not be overwintered this year.
Jamal40 about growing Strawberry 'Everbearing'
Attributing the failed first attempt to weird weather. 22 of 25 showing signs of life in one day. More detail in journal.
PaulP about growing Strawberry, Albion
Called today. Replacement bareroot coming. Very nice lady on the phone. Reserving rating for when I actually get to see some berries!
PaulP about growing Strawberry, Albion