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Strawberry        

Fragaria x ananassa

'Strawberry' is a plant in the Fragaria (Strawberry) genus with a scientific name of Fragaria x ananassa.

Strawberries grow as a low, sprawling plant and typically produce a generous bounty of fruits throughout the growing season. This plant is ideal for beginner gardeners due to its easy to grow nature, and the fact that they grow almost anywhere, and do not take up as much room as other fruit crops.

Strawberry plants live many years but fruit production will degrade after about three years. Strawberries will bear fruit in their second season.

Three types of strawberries are readily available to the home gardener:
June Bearing-produce a large crop in late spring. Good for freezing or jam.
Ever Bearing strawberries produce several flushes of crop usually starting in late spring and then another one or two later in the year.
Day Neutral plants are capable of producing fruit throughout most of the growing season.

Strawberries hold their leaves all year, and have small white simple flowers in the spring. These are pollenated by insects and the recipitical swells to produce the bright red berry.
After the crop the plant sends out runners that can easily be made to root in a pot, and after theses have established roots, they can be cut free to make new plants. It is useful to take advantage of these free plants, as the life of a strawberry plant is not many season, being renewed after the second or third season.

Blooms appear in these approximate colours:   Antique white and   Painter yellow and   Pink lace. When mature, they grow to 1.0 cm (0.39 inches imperial) in diameter. The mature flowers take a single form, with an approximate petal count of 5. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Debian red and   Candy apple red. Leaves appear approximately as a   British racing green and   Dark spring green

It is a flowering edible fruit / flower that typically grows as a perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more.

Strawberry is known for growing with a clump-forming habit to a height of approximately 20.0 cm (that's 7.8 inches in imperial). Expect blooming to occur in early summer and harvesting to start by mid summer.

This plant is a great attractor for butterflies and bees, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Strawberry is a great choice.

Popular varieties of Strawberry include: Everbearing, Quinault, Sequoia, Ozark Beauty and Allstar Junebearing.

Strawberry is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Strawberry have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Strawberry

  • Full Sun

    OR
  • Partial Sun

  • Medium

  • Strawberries prefer acidic soil (5.3-6.5) but will grow outside of this range.
  • They like to be kept moist but not wet – ensure water levels are consistent especially when fruiting.
  • Mulching will help retain moisture as well as keep their roots cool.
  • In the first year, pick off blossoms to prevent fruiting and encourage growth of the plant’s root system: this will pay dividends in the second year as your harvests will be much greater.
  • Remove weeds from around plants throughout the season to discourage pests and disease.
    *Dormant strawberries can withstand cold winter temperatures, however late frosts can damage flowers reducing yield or if low and late enough can even kill whole plants.
    . Mulch with stray as the flowers open, to keep the berries off the ground and away from the slugs

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun / partial sun and remember to water moderately. As a rough idea of the types of climates Strawberry does best in, check to see if your local area is within USDA Hardiness Zones 3 and 10. Ideally plant in loamy and clay soil and try to keep the ph of your soil between the range of 5.0 and 7.5 as Strawberry likes to be in moderately acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Strawberry is thought of as hardy, so this plant will grow or become dormant during the winter.

See our list of companion Plants for Strawberry to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Strawberry from seed

Although strawberries are most commonly grown from runners, it is possible to grow from seed. Germinate on the surface of a good free draining, damp seed compost. Do not cover the seed.

Sow at a depth of approx. 0.0 inches (0.0 cm) and aim for a distance of at least 11.7 inches (30.0 cm) between Strawberry plants. Soil temperature should be kept higher than 14°C / 57°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Strawberry

Ensure you leave enough space for the plant to sprawl and plant out only when the danger of frosts have passed.
Can be planted in a pot or trough grow bag or hanging basket
Or started off under glass to make early flowers and lengthen the cropping season.

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Strawberry is a hardy plant.

Harvesting Strawberry

Harvest only fully ripe berries, as they will not ripen after being picked. Harvesting should start roughly 4-6 weeks after blossoming.

Always cut from the stem instead of pulling the berry from the plant to minimise damage to the strawberry plant.

You can store the picked berries in the refrigerator for up to 5 days, but they will taste at their best when first picked.
Freezing berries is an option, if you have too many to deal with all at once. However the structure of the berry does not keep well on thawing and frozen berries are best used to make jam or smoothies

How long does Strawberry take to grow?

These estimates for how long Strawberry takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Strawberry to germinate?
13 days

Average 13 days | Min 7 days | Max 37 days (13)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Strawberry?
+ 29 days

Average 29 days | Min 12 days | Max 415 days (5)

Days to Maturity How long until Strawberry is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 105 days

Average 105 days | Min 2 days | Max 299 days (356)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Strawberry?
= 147 days

Strawberry Etymology

The name “strawberry” is said to originate from the fact that they were often mulched using straw. Another possible origination of the name is a derivation of ‘strayberries’ in reference to their runners straying from the mother plant. A third possibility is that it is from the word ‘streow’ or hay from the berries ripening at the same time the hay was harvested. 2

Fragaria is latin for strawberry, ananassa means ‘like ananas’ (a genus best known for the species Ananas comosus, the pineapple), referring to the delicious smell of hybrid strawberries.

Other names for Strawberry

Lepinit.munting sapinit

Misspellings: Strawberries, strabery, Starwberry

Latest Strawberry Reviews

  • Some of my berries grew nicely and produced good fruit. Others didn’t do so well and will not be overwintered this year.

    4 stars

    Jamal40 about growing Strawberry 'Everbearing'
  • Attributing the failed first attempt to weird weather. 22 of 25 showing signs of life in one day. More detail in journal.

    0 stars

    PaulP about growing Strawberry, Albion
  • Called today. Replacement bareroot coming. Very nice lady on the phone. Reserving rating for when I actually get to see some berries!

    0 stars

    PaulP about growing Strawberry, Albion

See all Strawberry reviews and experiences »

Footnotes

Strawberry Forums

  • Strawberry Talk

    Help me with my strawberries

    6 members / 2 topics
  • Strawberry Lovers

    A place to discuss anything and everything about growing Strawberries

    98 members / 19 topics