United States Edition


Saccharum officinarum

Sugarcane is a plant which belongs to the Saccharum (Sugarcane) genus. The origin of this plant's scientific name epithet (officinarum) means 'of the apothecaries'.

Sugarcane is a perennial grass cultivated for its juice, from which sugar is processed.1

Sugarcane grows as a perennial and is a flowering edible grass. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater). Sugarcane is known for its clump-forming growing habit.

As Sugarcane is a low maintanence plant, it is great for beginner gardeners and those that like gardens that don't need much overseeing.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Sugarcane have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Sugarcane

  • Full Sun

  • High

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water often. Keep in mind when planting that Sugarcane is thought of as half hardy, so remember to watch your frost dates and ensure you have this plant protected when the temperature dips.

See our list of companion Plants for Sugarcane to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Sugarcane from seed

Soil temperature should be kept higher than 20°C / 68°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Sugarcane

Need moist soil and prefer frequent watering.clay loam soil with added organic matter is recommended for normal vegetative growth ang high sugar content of cane during dry months. Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around 20°C / 68°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Sugarcane is a half hardy plant.

Common Sugarcane problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Sugarcane plants:

Sugarcane Etymology

The botanical epithet is from the Latin officinarum meaning “of the apothecaries”

Other names for Sugarcane

Sugar cane, noble cane, white salt, touboh

Saccharum officinarum L.

Sugarcane care instructions

How long does Sugarcane take to grow?

These estimates for how long Sugarcane takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!


Sugarcane Forums

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