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Punica granatum

'Pomegranate' is a plant in the Punica genus with a scientific name of Punica granatum.

Punica granatum is a deciduous tree or small shrub bearing red fruit. The tree grows to between 5 and 8 meters tall.

The fruit season is usually from September to February in the Northern hemisphere, and from March to May in the southern.

Pomegranates have glossy narrow leaves that are three to seven centimeters long and two centimeters wide. The bright red flowers are attractive and some cultivars are grown for the flowers alone. The grapefruit sized fruit contain edible pulp and seeds.

Blooms appear in these approximate colours:   Orange-red. The mature flowers are of a single form. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Red. Leaves appear approximately as a   Pakistan green colour. Pomegranate grows as a perennial and is a flowering edible fruit. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater). Pomegranate normally grows to a tree habit with a max height of 8.45 feet (that's 2.60 metres metric). This plant tends to bloom in mid spring.

Pomegranate is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Pomegranate have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Pomegranate

  • Full Sun

    OR +
  • Partial Sun

  • High

Fertilize in Early Spring

A full sun / partial sun position will ensure your plant thrives and remember to water often. Zone 8 to 9 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Keep in mind when planting that Pomegranate is thought of as half hardy, so although it can survive a small mild cold snap, it is wise to ensure that this plant is protected from frost damage.

Growing Pomegranate from seed

The seeds germinate easily and can be started any time of year indoors, in pots, with a little warmth. Transplant the seedlings when large enough to handle into well drained compost.

Transplanting Pomegranate

The plants are at home in a Mediterranean type climate but can be grown in zone 8 or 9 against a warm wall. Hardy to around -10C if roots are kept from becoming waterlogged in winter. Can also be grown in pots and moved to a more protected site to overwinter

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around -10°C / 14°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Pomegranate is a half hardy plant.

Harvesting Pomegranate

Pomegranate is grown for the flowers and the edible fruit. Pomegranate rind is also useful. This is the dried pericarp of the fruit, and has been used as a treatment for diarrhoea. It is very astringent, this accounts for the bitter taste when accidentally eaten with the red seeds, it also contains tannins.

Seed Saving Pomegranate

Collect the seeds from a ripe fruit and remove the red pulp. Dry the seed for 24 hours and then clean of the remaining dried pulp. Sow at once.

Companion plants for Pomegranate

These plants have been known to grow well alongside Pomegranate so consider planting:

Repellent plants for Pomegranate

These plants will not grow well with Pomegranate so avoid planting these within close proximity:

Common Pomegranate problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Pomegranate plants:

Spider mite

Mealybugs can be dislodged with a soapy water solution. Soapy sprays are also helpful.3

Pomegranate Etymology

The word “pomegranate” is from the Latin words “pomum” which means apple, and “granatus” which means seeded. The Latin name has influenced the fruits name in many languages.

The Phoenicians were active in broadening the pomegranate’s cultivation, partly for religious reasons. The genus name Punica is named for them.

The pomegranate’s name was malum punicum or malum granatum, the latter giving rise to the Italian name melograno, or less commonly melagrana. In Latin “malum” was broadly applied to many apple-like fruits.

Many languages use the root ‘rmn’ (from Ancient Egyptian). For example the Hebrew rimmôn, and Arabic rummân.

The French word for pomegranate is “La Grenade”, the word may have lended itself to the weapon as long ago as 1532. La Grenade is also the origin of grenadine, which was first made from pomegranates.1

Pomegranate Folklore & Trivia

Thomas Jefferson planted pomegranates at Monticello in 1771, he had them from George Wythe of Williamsburg.

Some scientists also believe the pomegranate to have been the Forbidden Fruit in the Bible, instead of the “humble” apple. 2

In Jewish Mythology the seeds of the pomegranate are considered a fertility charm and are a part of the traditional Jewish New Year (Rosh HaShannah) dinner.

Pomegranates are native to Asia, but are cultivated for fruit and juice production all over the world.

Other names for Pomegranate

Double red flowering pomegranate, Favorite pomagranate, Wonderful Pomegranate, Pomagranate, Granatapfel, melograno, rimmôn, rummân, granada, Pomeranate

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