United States Edition


Brassica oleracea (Botrytis Group)

Belonging to the Brassica (Mustard) genus, Cauliflower has a botanical name of Brassica oleracea (Botrytis Group). The botanical name epithet oleracea means 'eaten as a vegetable'.It is an edible vegetable and is treated mainly as an annual, so it grows best over the course of a single year. Normally grows with a erect habit. Popular varieties of Cauliflower with home gardeners are Snowball, All the year round, Early snowball, Snow Crown and Purple of Sicily.

Be aware that Cauliflower typically needs a fair amount of maintenance and care in order to grow successfully. Ensure that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant and keep an eye out for pests. Pay attention to weeding, feed and pruning schedules to ensure your plant remains in peak condition.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Cauliflower have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Cauliflower

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Position in a full sun location and remember to water moderately. A soil ph of between 6.5 and 7.0 is ideal for Cauliflower as it does best in weakly acidic soil - neutral soil. Keep in mind when planting that Cauliflower is thought of as hardy, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.

Growing Cauliflower from seed

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 3.12 inches (8.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.58 inches (1.5 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 24°C / 75°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Cauliflower about 14 days before your last frost date .

Transplanting Cauliflower

As Cauliflower is hardy, ensure temperatures are mild enough to plant out - wait until after your last frost date to be on the safe side.

Companion plants for Cauliflower

These plants have been known to grow well alongside Cauliflower so consider planting:

Cauliflower likes nitrogen fixers such as peas and beans, as well as celery (which deters cabbage moths)

  • Cauliflower loves Pea

    Peas are good to help fix the nitrogen supply to cauliflowers.

  • Cauliflower loves Bean

    Beans are good to help fix the nitrogen supply to cauliflowers.

  • Cauliflower loves Celery

    Celery attracts away cabbage moths

Repellent plants for Cauliflower

These plants will not grow well with Cauliflower so avoid planting these within close proximity:

Common Cauliflower problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Cauliflower plants:

Cauliflower Etymology

*Please note: Botrytis is a horticultural group, and not a variety.

Other names for Cauliflower

Romanesco broccoli, Roman broccoli, Chou-fleur

Brassica oleracea botrytis, Brassica botrytis, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

Misspellings: Cauliflour, Caulliflower, Coliflower, Caulifower, Coliflor

Latest Cauliflower Reviews

See all Cauliflower reviews and experiences »

Cauliflower care instructions

How long does Cauliflower take to grow?

These estimates for how long Cauliflower takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

When should I plant Cauliflower?

Our when to plant Cauliflower estimates are relative to your last frost date. Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!


Cauliflower Forums

No groups yet - why not start a new one?


Apartment Therapy logo

Whether you're rocking a full-fledged veggie garden in the backyard, have a stellar natural landscape in place of the front lawn, or are coaxing edibles and bee-friendly varietals from random containers on the porch, this online garden journal is for you.

More buzz about us...

Latest Activity

Folia Badges and Widgets

Folia Blog Widgets

Want some super cool badges to stick on your blog? What about a funky widget that shows everyone what you are growing? Sounds like you need to get over to our Goodies page pronto!

Tour | About | Help & Support | Contact | Terms | Privacy | Community Guidelines | Goodies

Homegrown by Nic & Nath All photos and content © their respective owners.

Free Gardening database | Free garden organizer | Vegetable garden software | Mobile gardening app

Popular Plants: Tomato | Sweet pepper | Chili pepper | Basil | Bean | Carrot | Cucumber | Rose | Lettuce | Onion | Strawberry | Daylily | Spinach | Potato | Radish