United States Edition

Norfolk island pine  

Araucaria heterophylla

'Norfolk island pine' is a plant in the Araucaria genus with a scientific name of Araucaria heterophylla. The botanical name epithet for Norfolk island pine (heterophylla) means 'with leaves of different kinds'.

In its native land this tree is a forest giant attaining a height of about 200 feet and growing upright. The form is symmetrically pyramidal with branches emerging from the trunk in a regular and precise pattern. This plant is a member of the Araucariaceaea family and is not a real pine.1

Leaves appear approximately as a   Grade 1 Paint Green colour. A type of ornamental / conifer, it mainly grows as an evergreen plant - which means it retains leaves throughout the year. Norfolk island pine normally grows to a tree habit with a max height of 39.62 feet (that's 12.19 metres metric).

Norfolk Island is believed to be where Norfolk island pine originates from.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Norfolk island pine have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Norfolk island pine

  • Partial Sun

    OR +
  • Dappled Sun

  • Medium

Norfolk island pine likes a position of partial sun / dappled sun and remember to water moderately. Use Zone 9 - Zone 11 as your guideline for the appropriate climate for this plant. Try to keep the ph of your soil between the range of 4.6 and 5.5 as Norfolk island pine likes to be in moderately acidic soil - weakly acidic soil. Keep in mind when planting that Norfolk island pine is thought of as hardy, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.

See our list of companion Plants for Norfolk island pine to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Norfolk island pine from seed

Transplanting Norfolk island pine

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Norfolk island pine is a hardy plant.

Common Norfolk island pine problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Norfolk island pine plants:

Other names for Norfolk island pine

Norfolk pine, Star Pine

Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco

Latest Norfolk island pine Reviews

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Norfolk island pine care instructions

How long does Norfolk island pine take to grow?

These estimates for how long Norfolk island pine takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!


1 floridata.com

Popular varieties of Norfolk island pine

View the complete variety list for Norfolk island pine »

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