United States Edition

Red buckeye    

Aesculus pavia

Red buckeye is part of the Aesculus genus. Its scientific name is Aesculus pavia.

Aesculus are woody plants from 4 to 36m tall (depending on species), and have stout shoots with resinous, often sticky, buds; opposite, palmately divided leaves, often very large (to 65 cm across in the Japanese horse-chestnut Aesculus turbinata); and showy insect-pollinated flowers, with four or five petals fused into a lobed corolla tube. Flowering starts after 80–110 growing degree days. The fruit is a rich glossy brown to blackish-brown nut 2–5 cm diameter, usually globose with one nut in a green or brown husk, but sometimes two nuts together in one husk, in which case the nuts are flat on one side; the point of attachment of the nut in the husk shows as a large circular whitish scar. The husk has spines in some species, spineless in others, and splits into three sections to release the nut.

Blooms appear in these approximate colours:   Cadmium red and   Orange-red. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Light brown. A type of flowering ornamental, it mainly grows as a perennial plant - which means it typically grows best over a long period (from 3 years+). Red buckeye normally grows with a tree habit to a mature height of 4.57 metres (that's 14.86 feet imperial). This plant tends to bloom in mid spring, followed by first harvests in early autumn. Red buckeye is a great plant to attract birds to your garden.

United States is believed to be where Red buckeye originates from.

Red buckeye is known to be toxic to humans and/or animals, so be careful where you position and how you handle this plant.

Red buckeye needs a moderate amount of maintenance, so some level of previous experience comes in handy when growing this plant. Ensure that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant and keep an eye out for pests.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Red buckeye have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Red buckeye

  • Partial Sun

  • Partial Sun

  • High

Greedy with water. Will defoliate early if not provided with enough through the growing season. Relatively slow growing. North American Native. Appreciates afternoon shade in the Sun Belt.

Red buckeye likes a position of partial sun / partial sun and remember to water often. Use Zone 4 - Zone 8 as your guideline for the appropriate climate for this plant. Keep in mind when planting that Red buckeye is thought of as hardy, so Red buckeye will tend to go dormant or grow slowly over the winter months.

See our list of companion Plants for Red buckeye to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Red buckeye from seed

Sow fresh seeds immediately as they do not store.

Transplanting Red buckeye

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Red buckeye is a hardy plant.

Seed Saving Red buckeye

Sow seeds immediately after autumn collecting. High fat content. Will turn rancid with storage.

Common Red buckeye problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Red buckeye plants:

Leaf Blotch

Red buckeye Etymology

The name horse-chestnut (hyphenated here to avoid confusion with the true chestnuts (Castanea, Fagaceae)) is also often given as “horse chestnut” or “horsechestnut”. One species very popular in cultivation, the common horse-chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum is also often known as just “horse-chestnut”. Linnaeus named the genus Aesculus after the Roman name for an edible acorn. The use of the term “horse” refers to their strength or inedibility, and does not here refer to their fitness as fodder for horses, except in folk etymology. The name buckeye derives from the resemblance of the seed to the brown eye of a buck (male deer), and horse-chestnut from the external resemblance of the seed to a chestnut, but being inedible. The buckeye blooms in summer and the horse-chestnut in late spring.

Other names for Red buckeye

Horse chestnut

Conker trees, white chestnut, red chestnut

Latest Red buckeye Reviews

  • 16 Jan 2014

    gringopeligroso gringopeligroso's Aesculus pavia 'Ft.McNair' was Reviewed day 2

    Found this Pink w/yellow variety from Monrovia Nurseries at a local Garden Center.
    5 gallon size was already blooming heavily when purchased!! When blooming, Hummers are arriving from Winter!

    5 stars

See all Red buckeye reviews and experiences »

Red buckeye care instructions

How long does Red buckeye take to grow?

These estimates for how long Red buckeye takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!


Popular varieties of Red buckeye

View the complete variety list for Red buckeye »

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