Cucumber is part of the Cucumis genus and its scientific name is Cucumis sativus. The sativus part of this plant's botanical name means 'having been cultivated'.
The cucumber is a creeping vine that is usually grown on supporting frames (like trellis).
Great for pickling or in salads: there are two main types of Cucumber, Pickling and Slicing. Pickling cucumbers are often shorter than usual, thus making them ideal for preserving.A type of edible vegetable / fruit, it mainly grows as an annual plant - which means it typically only grows best for a single growing season. Normally reaching to a mature height of 11.7 inches (30.0 cm). Expect blooming to occur in late spring and harvesting to start by mid summer. Popular varieties of Cucumber with home gardeners are Lemon, Straight Eight, Burpless, Marketmore, and National Pickling.
India is thought to be the country of origin for Cucumber.
This plant tends to need a moderate amount of maintenance, so ensuring that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for Cucumber is quite important to ensure you have a happy and healthy plant.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Cucumber have been kindly provided by our members.
Cucumbers require full sun as they are a sub-tropical plant. They will also need a lot of growing room, so if you are short of space, consider growing cucumbers vertically on a trellis. Dwarf varieties often do very well as a container plant.
Make sure your soil is well draining – cucumbers grow in most soil types. Mulch well around your cucumber plants in the summer to keep moisture levels up. Regular and consistent watering is required to ensure even growth and well formed fruit.
Cucumber plants will firstly grow male flowers, which will grow and then quickly fall off – this is normal! After this stage, both female and male flowers will start to grow and will start to pollinate.Cucumber likes a position of full sun and remember to water often. As a rough idea of the types of climates Cucumber does best in, check to see if your local area is within USDA Hardiness Zones 3 and 14. Cucumber requires a soil ph of 5.5 - 6.8 meaning it does best in weakly acidic soil. Keep in mind when planting that Cucumber is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.
Cucumbers can be planted directly in the garden or started indoors before your last frost date. If planting in the garden: either arrange your soil into small hills and plant 4 seeds per hill, or plant in rows.Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 11.7 inches (30.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.47 inches (1.2 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 16°C / 61°F to ensure good germination.
By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Cucumber about 14 days after your last frost date .
Plant your cucumbers out when there is no chance of frost, as even a light frost can kill cucumber seedlings.Cucumbers are prone to bacterial wilt, before sowing the seeds ,sterilizing the soil using hot water and wood ash will improve soil ph and halt the growth of soil pathogens.(wood ash must be mixed thoroughly in soil)
The medium sized fruit varieties are ideal for salads.
Pick fruit regularly to ensure that the vine keeps producing. Fruit left for too long on the vine will slow or stop production, although those fruit are the best for seed saving purposes.
Leave the fruit on the fine until it yellows. Do not let it rot. Cut cucumber in half and scrape out seeds. Rinse and air dry. Or ferment (the good seeds will sink), and then rinse and dry. 2
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Cucumber so consider planting:
Nasturtiums, radishes, marigolds, sunflowers peas, beets, carrots, and Dill 1
Cucumber loves Garden nasturtium
Nasturtium helps deters cucumber beetles, and provides a good environment for beneficial insects.
Cucumber loves Sweet corn
Protects from bacterial wilt virus
Cucumber loves Greek oregano
repels cucumber beetle
Cucumber loves Radish
deters cucumber beetle
Cucumber loves Tansy
Deters cucumber beetles and other pests.
These plants will not grow well with Cucumber so avoid planting these within close proximity:
Tomato, Sage 1
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Cucumber plants:
aphids are common during warm dry months.
The English word cucumber originated from Indian word “kachumbar”(कचुँबर).
The botanical epithet is from the Latin sativus meaning “cultivated”
A cucumber is made up of 96% water. Bush cucumbers are great for small spaces and have abundant yields. Plant three to a hill and enjoy pickling size cukes for salad, snacking and pickles.
Garden cucumber, Common cucumber, Greenhouse cucumber, Pickling cucumber, Pipino, Katimon, Paris pickling cucumber, Sikkim cucumber
Cucumis sativus L., Cucumis sativus var. sativus
Misspellings: cucmber, cukes, Cucmber, Cucumis sativas
19 Feb 2013
These grew bitter for me. I believe that might be more my fault than the cukes. It was a terribly dry summer.
16 Feb 2013
This is my favorite cucumber to grow for pickling. It is fairly easy to grow in Zone 9b, as long as you provide ample water and sunlight. It is very prolific and has a long period of harvest.
16 Feb 2013
In Zone 9b these can be sown directly in the ground in Feb. I space them about 4" apart and then trellis them once the are 6" long. They are excellent for baby dill pickles when picked about 3"- 4".
01 Oct 2012
Didn’t do very well under these conditions (greenhouse container) compared with the prolific cropping outdoors last year when it was worthy of 5 stars.
30 Sep 2012
Probably started too late. Got few sml ones. First attempt, try again
Cucumber care instructions
How long does Cucumber take to grow?
Our when to plant Cucumber estimates are relative to your last frost date. Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!
2 :The New Seed-starters Handbook; Published 1988