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Daikon radish     

Raphanus sativus longipinnatus

Daikon radish is part of the Raphanus genus and its scientific name is Raphanus sativus longipinnatus. The sativus part of this plant's botanical name means 'having been cultivated'.

Here’s a discussion: http://myfolia.com/groups/76-kitchen-gardens/topics/2133/posts#post_9362
This is a more substantial root than the red salad variety and is usually cooked before eating. The leaves are stemless with lobed edges and often bristly
The root is larger than a salad radish and grey with a white inside.

This variety has an unpleasant fragrance and typically grows to 1.0 cm (0.39 inches imperial) in diameter, blooming in the following colours:   Pastel yellow and   Royal yellow. The mature flowers take a single form, with an approximate petal count of 4. The leaves of this particular variety normally show as   Ao green and   Dartmouth green colour. It is a flowering edible vegetable that typically grows as an annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year. Daikon radish normally grows to a clump-forming habit. Expect harvests to start to occur in early autumn. This plant is a great attractor for butterflies, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Daikon radish is a great choice.

Daikon radish is great for inexperienced gardeners and those that like low maintainance gardens.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Daikon radish have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Daikon radish

  • Full Sun

    +
  • Medium

Keep thinning the crop, and harvest to allow good root development on the plants that are left to mature completely

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Daikon radish requires a loamy and clay soil with a ph of 5.5 - 6.8 - it grows best in weakly acidic soil. Keep in mind when planting that Daikon radish is thought of as tender, so it is really important to ensure that the outside temperature is well above freezing before planting or moving outdoors.

Growing Daikon radish from seed

Day length sensitive (i.e., will bolt with increasing sunlight, not just increasing heat) Germinates easily and quickly.
It is important to thin the seedlings to allow the ones that remain to grow properly

Look to ensure a distance 0.98 inches (2.5 cm) between seeds when sowing - bury at a depth of at least 0.47 inches (1.2 cm) deep. Soil temperature should be kept higher than 13°C / 55°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Daikon radish

Sow direct, so as not to disturb the roots

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around 8°C / 46°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Daikon radish is a tender plant.

Harvesting Daikon radish

Harvest small roots to allow the remaining roots more room to grow. If the whole crop has to be lifted, rather than harvested as needed, the root keeps well in the fridge.
The roots can also be left in the ground and harvested into the autumn

Seed Saving Daikon radish

Runs to seed later in the season, allow to flower. Collect the seed on a dry day, just before the capsule bursts. Place the seed pods in a paper bag and continue to dry in a warm airy place before separating out the seeds for storage.

Companion plants for Daikon radish

These plants have been known to grow well alongside Daikon radish so consider planting:

Other root crops, like beet root or carrots
Grow between rows of more quickly maturing leafy salad crops

Repellent plants for Daikon radish

These plants will not grow well with Daikon radish so avoid planting these within close proximity:

Common Daikon radish problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Daikon radish plants:

Leaf eating beetles
caterpillars

Daikon radish Etymology

The botanical epithet is from the Latin pinnatus meaning “with leaflets arraanged on each side of a common petiole” The botanical epithet is from the Latin sativus meaning “cultivated”

Other names for Daikon radish

Japanese radish, Chinese radish, Winter radish, Mooli, Moo, Lobak, Loh bak, Lo-bok, Lo bok, Labanos, Rabu, Phakkat-hua, Củ cải trắng

Misspellings: Diakon, Diakon radish

Daikon radish care instructions

How long does Daikon radish take to grow?

These estimates for how long Daikon radish takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Footnotes

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