Fragaria x ananassa
'Strawberry' is a plant in the Fragaria (Strawberry) genus with a scientific name of Fragaria x ananassa.
Strawberries grow as a low, sprawling plant and typically produce a generous bounty of fruits throughout the growing season. This plant is ideal for beginner gardeners due to its easy to grow nature, and the fact that they grow almost anywhere.
Strawberry plants live many years but fruit production will degrade after about three years. Strawberries will bear fruit in their second season.
Three types of strawberries are readily available to the home gardener:
June Bearing-produce a large crop in late spring. Good for freezing or jam.
Ever Bearing strawberries produce several flushes of crop usually starting in late spring and then another one or two later in the year.
Day Neutral plants are capable of producing fruit throughout most of the growing season.
Strawberry is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Strawberry have been kindly provided by our members.
- Strawberries prefer acidic soil (5.3-6.5) but will grow outside of this range.
- They like to be kept moist but not wet – ensure water levels are consistent especially when fruiting.
- Mulching will help retain moisture as well as keep their roots cool.
- In the first year, pick off blossoms to prevent fruiting and encourage growth of the plant’s root system: this will pay dividends in the second year as your harvests will be much greater.
- Remove weeds from around plants throughout the season to discourage pests and disease.
Although strawberries are most commonly grown from runners, it is possible to grow from seed. Germinate on the surface of a good free draining, damp seed compost. Do not cover the seed.Sow at a depth of approx. 0.0 inches (0.0 cm) and aim for a distance of at least 11.7 inches (30.0 cm) between Strawberry plants. Soil temperature should be kept higher than 20°C / 68°F to ensure good germination.
Ensure you leave enough space for the plant to sprawl and plant out only when the danger of frosts have passed.
Harvest only fully ripe berries, as they will not ripen after being picked. Harvesting should start roughly 4-6 weeks after blossoming.
Always cut from the stem instead of pulling the berry from the plant to minimise damage to the strawberry plant.
You can store the picked berries in the refrigerator for up to 5 days, but they will taste at their best when first picked.
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Strawberry so consider planting:
Strawberries are a good companion plant, growing well with bush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce and pyrethrum.
Strawberry loves Onion
Strawberries are less vulnerable to disease when grown with onions.
Strawberry loves Borage
Reputed to increase yield and flavour of strawberries. Attracts pollinators that feed on common strawberry pests.
Strawberry likes Sweet scabious
Strawberry likes Feverfew
Strawberry likes Spinach
Strawberry loves Lettuce
These plants will not grow well with Strawberry so avoid planting these within close proximity:
Strawberries should not be planted near eggplants, peppers, potatoes, raspberries, or tomatoes have grown because strawberries are susceptible to Tomato ringspot virus, verticillium wilt
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Strawberry plants:
The name “strawberry” is said to originate from the fact that they were often mulched using straw. Another possible origination of the name is a derivation of ‘strayberries’ in reference to their runners straying from the mother plant. A third possibility is that it is from the word ‘streow’ or hay from the berries ripening at the same time the hay was harvested. 2
Fragaria is latin for strawberry, ananassa means ‘like ananas’ (a genus best known for the species Ananas comosus, the pineapple), referring to the delicious smell of hybrid strawberries.
Misspellings: Strawberries, strabery, Starwberry
26 Mar 2012
This strawberry is absolutely amazing. Mine are quite small (pinky-sized) and light yellow, but the flavor is so delicious. The taste reminds me of sweettarts. So sweet it’s like eating a cube of sugar!
14 Nov 2011
needs netting to keep the birds off this summer
16 Jul 2011
These may be small berries but have much more flavor than what you can buy in a store
01 May 2011
Great flavor! Produces lots of runners for new plants.
Strawberry care instructions
How long does Strawberry take to grow?
2 “USDA history of the strawberry”: http://www.nal.usda.gov/pgdic/Strawberry/book/bokthree.htm
Popular varieties of Strawberry
- Ozark Beauty
- Allstar Junebearing
- Cambridge Favourite