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Chili pepper 'Hawaiian sweet-hot'

Capsicum annuum longum group

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Hawaiian sweet-hot is a popular variety of Chili pepper, which belongs to the Capsicum genus (Capsicum annuum longum group 'Hawaiian sweet-hot'). Hawaiian sweet-hot is generally thought of as a heirloom open-polliated variety.

The C. annuum cultivar, ‘Hawaiian Sweet Hot’ has smooth green foliage with small white flowers. The pod color begins as green and matures into a rich red. Pod is 1.5 inches long and .5 inch wide. Sweet, and slightly pungent. C. annuum is very diverse since it includes both hot and sweet peppers but common to most are smooth green leaves and strong branches.

Also called Waialua chili pepper, this heirloom is a cone shaped Capsicum annuum pepper, similar in size to jalapeno but a bit bigger and more pointy (less rounded) than a jalapeno. Its flavor when ripe and red is superior to jalapeno. Height: 3 ft. to 5 ft. Width: 1.5 ft. to 1.67 ft. PH: 6 to 7.5 is best. USDA Hardiness Zone: 6 to 12

Produces better than jalapeno in very humid climates, or in soils with nematodes, due to better adaptation and more disease resistance. Matures in 75 to 120 days.
Days to maturity range from 75 (if counting from transplant) to 120 (time to crop from starting the seed). These estimates are for production of green fruit. Red fruit, which are far superior in flavor to green, need from 88 to 133 days.

This heirloom pepper is resistant to Bacterial Wilt and is tolerant to root knot nematode. If your climate is not humid, mist flowering plants with water daily to encourage fruit set.

Fruits are similar to jalapeno in size weighing about 26g on average and heat is mild to medium, but pepper flavor is sweeter and more interesting.

This variety is an Vegetable that typically grows as an Annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year. Hawaiian sweet-hot normally grows to a max height of 1.49 feet (45.72 cm metric). This variety tends to bloom in mid spring.

Portugal is believed to be where Hawaiian sweet-hot originates from.

Hawaiian sweet-hot Chili pepper is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This variety plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Hawaiian sweet-hot have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Hawaiian sweet-hot

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Needs humidity to form fruit. If your climate is not humid, mist flowering plants daily to encourage fruit set.

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Hawaiian sweet-hot is thought of as tender, so it is imperative to wait until temperatures are mild before planting out of doors. The USDA Hardiness Zones typically associated with Hawaiian sweet-hot are Zone 6 and Zone 12. Ensure your soil is loamy and sandy and has a ph of between 6.5 and 8.5 as Chili pepper is a weakly acidic soil to weakly alkaline soil loving plant.

Growing Hawaiian sweet-hot from seed

Ensure a distance of 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) between seeds when sowing - look to sow at a depth of approximately 0.2 inches (0.5 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 20°C / 68°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations, you should look at sowing Hawaiian sweet-hot about 133 days before your last frost date.

Transplanting Hawaiian sweet-hot

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around 20°C / 68°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Hawaiian sweet-hot is a tender plant.

By our calculations, you should look at planting out Hawaiian sweet-hot about 88 days before your last frost date.

Harvesting Hawaiian sweet-hot

This variety tends to be ready for harvesting by late summer.

Chili pepper Hawaiian sweet-hot Etymology

This heirloom is thought to have originated in Brazil, and then brought to Portugal for further breeding with another ancestor that came from Bolivia. It was then brought from Portugal to Hawaii via Portuguese missionaries and sea-traders, and due to its ability to handle humidity and its great flavor, it became the predominant Hawaiian garden sweet pepper for some time. Currently available from University of Hawaii at Manoa’s Seed Lab.

Hawaiian sweet-hot folklore & trivia

See Etymology, above.

Misspellings of Chili pepper 'Hawaiian sweet-hot'

Hawaii Sweet Hot, Oahu Sweet Hot, Wailua Sweet Hot, Wailua Pepper, Wailua Heirloom

Other Names for Chili pepper 'Hawaiian sweet-hot'

Waialua pepper, Hawaiian heirloom sweet pepper, Wailua heirloom, Pizza chile, Pizza pepper


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