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Common Poppy        

Papaver somniferum

Common Poppy is a member of the Papaver (Poppy) family. Its botanical name is Papaver somniferum. The scientific name epithet somniferum means 'sleep-bringing'.

Hardy annual with grey green lobed leaves and large single flowers in shades of red and pink.
Self seeds

Blooms normally display as a colour very similar to   KU Crimson and   Ruby and   Dark scarlet. When mature, blooms are roughly 12.0 cm (that's 4.68 inches in imperial) in diameter. The mature flowers take a single form. Its fruits normally ripen as a colour very similar to   Dark brown and   Davy's grey. Leaves usually appear in   Hunter green and   Sea green

Common Poppy grows as an annual and is a flower. Being an annual plant, it tends to grow best over the course of a single year.

Common Poppy is known for its erect habit and growing to a height of approximately 70.0 cm (2.27 feet). This plant tends to bloom in mid summer, followed by first harvests in late summer.

Try planting Common Poppy if you'd like to attract bees to your garden.

Popular varieties of Common Poppy with home gardeners are Breadseed Blue Hungarian, Lauren's Grape, Heirloom Pepperbox, Drama Queen and Danish Flag.

Common Poppy is known to be toxic to humans and/or animals, so be careful where you position and how you handle this plant.

Common Poppy is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Common Poppy have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Common Poppy

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Sun

  • Low

Removing the first bud, before it opens, produces a plant then then makes six or eight buds; giving a more colourful show of smaller flowers.

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun / partial sun and remember to apply water fairly sparingly. Zone 3 to 8 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Common Poppy is generally regarded as a tender plant, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.

See our list of companion Plants for Common Poppy to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Common Poppy from seed

If the first sowing does not seem to work, disturb the ground where the seeds were sown and wait another week or so to see if germination is progressing
Sow in the spring into prepared open ground when the air temperature does not dip below 9C. The seeds need light to germinate so do not cover

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 5.85 inches (15.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.12 inches (0.3 cm). For optimal germination, soil temperature should be a minimum of 15°C / 59°F.

Transplanting Common Poppy

Breadseed poppies do not transplant well. Best to sow seeds where they are required and then thin out

Common Poppy is tender, so ensure you wait until all danger of frost has passed in your area before considering planting outside.

Harvesting Common Poppy

Seedheads are decorative, and contain up to 1000 seeds.

Seed Saving Common Poppy

Harvest the seed heads on a dry day just as the holes below the rim begin to open. Tie a paper bag round the heads and hang upside down to dry, collecting the seeds in the bag as they are released.

Seed viability is two years.

How long does Common Poppy take to grow?

These estimates for how long Common Poppy takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Common Poppy to germinate?
9 days

Average 9 days | Min 1 days | Max 21 days (23)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Common Poppy?
+ 15 days

Average 15 days | Min 7 days | Max 52 days (6)

Days to Maturity How long until Common Poppy is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 90 days

Average 90 days | Min 90 days | Max 108 days (3)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Common Poppy?
= 114 days

Other names for Common Poppy

Oriental poppy

Papaver somniferum L.

Misspellings: Papaver somniflorum, Papaver paeoniflorum

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