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Horse Chestnut       

Aesculus hippocastanum

  • 3 plantings
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Horse Chestnut is a member of the Aesculus family. Its botanical name is Aesculus hippocastanum.

Large domed spreading canopy. Brown sticky buds open in early spring to show bright green compound palmate leaves. These quickly grow and the flower buds open with giant candles of cream dotted with carmine alive with buzzing bees. As the summer progresses the leaves grow and darken producing cool shade beneath. Autunm colour begins early and the spiny, seed cases swell and split to release large shiny mahogany seeds

Blooms normally display as a colour very similar to   Cream and   Pale pink. When mature, blooms are roughly 1.0 cm (that's 0.39 inches in imperial) in diameter. Its fruits normally ripen as a colour very similar to   Red-brown and   Brown. Leaves usually appear in   Forest green (traditional) and   India green

Horse Chestnut grows as a deciduous and is a flowering non-edible ornamental / flower. Being a Deciduous plant, it will shed its leaves annually.

Horse Chestnut is known for its tree habit and growing to a height of approximately 35.00 metres (113.75 feet). This plant tends to bloom in mid spring, followed by first harvests in early autumn.

Try planting Horse Chestnut if you'd like to attract bees and birds to your garden.

Albania is believed to be where Horse Chestnut originates from.

Horse Chestnut is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Horse Chestnut have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Horse Chestnut

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Protect from browsing animals whilst it is still young and water regularly during the first year after planting out

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Horse Chestnut is generally regarded as a hardy plant, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.

See our list of companion Plants for Horse Chestnut to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Horse Chestnut from seed

Germinates in the spring from fresh seed, planted in the autumn. in gritty compost and protect from mice but expose to the winter weather.

Transplanting Horse Chestnut

Choose the spot carefully, the tree is tall and spreading

Horse Chestnut is hardy, so ensure you wait until all danger of frost has passed in your area before considering planting outside.

Harvesting Horse Chestnut

It is so exciting to harvest horse chestnut seeds, the glossy smooth mahogany ‘Conker’ is revealed from its spiky shell, that has fallen from the tree in the early autumn.

Seed Saving Horse Chestnut

Don’t allow to dry out. Plant directly.

How long does Horse Chestnut take to grow?

These estimates for how long Horse Chestnut takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

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Horse Chestnut Etymology

The ‘Horse’ is thought to refer to its use in treating horses, although the leaf scar resembles a hoof print

Horse Chestnut Folklore & Trivia

In contrast to the edible chestnut the seeds of the horse chestnut are poisonous. It has been used traditionally however, as an ingredient in creams to inprove the circulation

Other names for Horse Chestnut


Aesculus hippocastanum L.

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