Abiu is a plant which belongs to the Pouteria genus.
Abiu originates from the Amazonian areas of South America 3
Smooth, brilliant yellow fruit that has translucent flesh and delicious flavor. Sometimes it is used to flavor ice cream and to make other desserts. Considered a delicacy and for those who can grow it, will thrive in subtropical conditions. The pulp of the fruit is used medicinally to treat cough and bronchitis. The fruits flavor is enhanced when slightly chilled.4
Blooms appear in these approximate colours: Mint cream and Ghost white. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours: Mikado yellow and Electric yellow. Leaves appear approximately as a La Salle Green
Abiu grows as an evergreen and is a flowering edible fruit. Being an evergreen plant, it will keep its leaves throughout the year.
Abiu is known for growing to a height of approximately 32.69 feet (that's 10.06 metres in metric) with a tree habit.
Be aware that Abiu typically needs a fair amount of maintenance and care in order to grow successfully. Ensure that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant and keep an eye out for pests. Pay attention to weeding, feed and pruning schedules to ensure your plant remains in peak condition.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Abiu have been kindly provided by our members.
Abiu is best suited to the hot, humid tropics. It will grow in subtropical areas provided adequate protection and cultivation requirements are met. Abiu needs to be protected from cold winter winds even in the tropics or flowering and fruit set will be adversely affected. Temperatures below -2 deg C will kill plants. Abiu requires frequent watering throughout the dry season if a good crop of fruit is to be produced, and during the fruit setting period abiu has very high water demands. Good drainage is essential as abiu will not tolerate waterlogging during the wet season. In low water table areas plant tree on a mound to prevent waterlogging.2
Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water very often. The USDA Zones typically associated with Abiu are Zone 10 and Zone 14. Ensure your soil is sandy and clay and has a ph of between 5.5 and 7.5 as Abiu is a weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil loving plant. Keep in mind when planting that Abiu is thought of as tender, so it is imperative to wait until temperatures are mild before planting out of doors.
See our list of companion Plants for Abiu to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
Seeds are viable for only 1 to 2 days after extraction from fruit. They are not tolerant of drying. While seeds usually germinate in about 10 days, very hard coated seeds may take considerably longer to germinate. Therefore, soaking seeds overnight or scarifying the hard seed coat may improve germination.
Plant out when seedlings are 9 to 12 months old. They should be about 40cm tall. 1Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around 25°C / 77°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Abiu is a tender plant.
Pick fruit when the skin turns bright yellow but before it turns golden.2 Handle gently as abiu bruises very easily.
Store seed in fruit until ready to sow. Seed may remain viable for only 1 to 2 days once removed from fruit.
These estimates for how long Abiu takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.
Average 10 days | Min days | Max days (0)
Average 270 days | Min days | Max days (0)
Average 825 days | Min days | Max days (0)
A mature Abiu tree can produce from 100 to one hundred thousand fruits each year.
Pouteria caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Radlk.
1 Crop Management of Abiu Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry: http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/plants/fruit-and-vegetables/fruit-and-nuts/other-fruit-crops