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Bee balm     


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Bee balm is part of the Monarda genus. Its scientific name is Monarda.

Monarda is a genus of plant commonly known by the names of “Beebalm” or “Bergamot”. It has approximately 16 species all which produce a very highly fragrant oil that has a long history of medicinal use.

Blooms appear in these approximate colours:   Red crimson and   Medium purple and   Pink. When mature, blooms are roughly 8.0 cm (that's 3.12 inches in imperial) in diameter. The mature flowers are of a double form. Leaves appear approximately as a   Dark green

Bee balm grows as a perennial and is a herb / flower. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater).

Bee balm is known for its forb habit and growing to a height of approximately 90.0 cm (2.93 feet). This plant tends to bloom in early summer.

Try planting Bee balm if you'd like to attract butterflies, bees and birds to your garden.

United States is believed to be where Bee balm originates from.

Bee balm is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Bee balm have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Bee balm

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Propagation can occur by hardwood and softwood cuttings, root cuttings, layering, and division. Division of the root ball is the most popular method, and occurs most frequently due to spread. The plant should be divided every 3 to 5 years to reduce spread and keep the central core of the plant healthy. This will also help prevent root rot and provide improves air circulation about the foliage to impede powdery mildew.1

A full sun position will ensure your plant thrives and remember to water moderately. The USDA Zones typically associated with Bee balm are Zone 4 and Zone 9. Bee balm tends to grow best in a soil ph of between 6.1 and 7.8 meaning it does best in weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Bee balm is thought of as very hardy, so this plant will tend to survive through freezing conditions.

See our list of companion Plants for Bee balm to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Bee balm from seed

Seed should be stratified at least briefly before sowing. Seed may direct-sown or started by wintersowing, in coldframes or greenhouses at soil temperatures approaching 70 degrees Fahrenheit.1

Soil temperature should be kept higher than 21°C / 70°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Bee balm

Monarda prefers full sun and moist but well-drained soil. Plants in partial shade or filtered sun show fast horizontal spread and may flower less. It is considered aggressive in the South-eastern United States, Monarda can grow in a wide variety of soil conditions.1

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Bee balm is a very hardy plant.

How long does Bee balm take to grow?

These estimates for how long Bee balm takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

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15 days

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Bee balm Etymology

The genus was named for Nicolas Monardes who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants found in the New World.

Other names for Bee balm

Bergamot, Bee balm

Monarda L., Monarda x, Monarda hybrid

Misspellings: bee-balm, bee balm

Latest Bee balm Reviews

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Bee balm Forums

  • Monarda Enthusiasts

    This is a group dedicated to learning about and growing the many species of Monarda, also commonly known as Bee Balm,...

    38 members / 15 topics