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Rubus fruticosus

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Blackberry is a member of the Rubus family. Its botanical name is Rubus fruticosus.

The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the Rubus genus in the Rosaceae family, hybrids among these species within the Rubus subgenus, and hybrids between the Rubus and Idaeobatus subgenera1. The botanical taxonomy of blackberries is very confused, due to much hybridisation1. Blackberries are frequently called “brambles”, which actually refers to any impenetrable thicket1. In the US, “bramble” may refer to any member of the Rubus genus, including raspberries, while in the UK, “bramble” specifically refers to blackberries. In the western US, “caneberry” is sometimes also used1.

They are perennial plants that bear biennial stems (“canes”) from the root system1. In it’s first year, a new stem is called a primocane, and grows vigorously to its full length of 3–6 m (in some cases, up to 9 m), arching or trailing along the ground; it does not produce any flowers1. In its second year, the cane becomes a floricane and the stem does not grow longer, but the lateral buds break to produce flowering laterals (which have smaller leaves with three or five leaflets). The canes frequently have short, sharp prickles, although prickle-free cultivars have been developed. The fruits form on the floricanes (ie, on the second year stems), after which the canes die back2. Some cultivars have been developed that form fruits on the primocanes as well as floricanes2.

Its fruits normally ripen as a colour very similar to   Cool black. Leaves usually appear in   Forest green (web)

Blackberry is a flowering edible fruit perennial, it will last at least up to several years in its native climate.

Normally growing to a mature height of 1.50 metres (4.88 feet), Blackberry grows with a shrubby habit.

Try planting Blackberry if you'd like to attract butterflies to your garden.

Some varieties of Blackberry you may like to consider growing are: Arapaho, Triple Crown, Thornless Ouachita, Chester and Apache.

Blackberry is normally fairly low maintenance and quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Blackberry have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Blackberry

  • Full Sun

It tolerates a variety of soil conditions1 – sandy, loam and heavy clay, and can grow in nutritionally poor soil2 but prefers well-drained, loamy soil. It can grow in a range of pHs, and from full shade to full sun (although it does not fruit as well in full shade as it does in full sun).2 It can tolerate strong winds but does not cope well with coastal salt spray2. Established plants are drought-tolerant2.

Take care not to plant near wild blackberries to reduce the risk of viruses3.

Most blackberry varieties require trellising, but trellising requirements vary depending on whether the variety is trailing, erect, or semi-erect3.

Do not plant the bushes where peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes or strawberries are growing, or have grown in the past three years or so. These plants are prone to certain bugs and problems that the growing blackberry plants are also prone to, so keep away from these areas.

Enjoys a full sun position in your garden. Zone 5 to 10 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Blackberry needs a loamy and sandy soil with a ph of 5.5 to 6.5 (weakly acidic soil). Blackberry is generally regarded as a very hardy plant, so this plant will tend to go dormant over the long winter months.

See our list of companion Plants for Blackberry to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Blackberry from seed

Transplanting Blackberry

Blackberry is very hardy, so ensure you wait until all danger of frost has passed in your area before considering planting outside.

How long does Blackberry take to grow?

These estimates for how long Blackberry takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Blackberry to germinate?

Average days | Min days | Max days (0)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Blackberry?
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Average days | Min days | Max days (0)

Days to Maturity How long until Blackberry is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 333 days

Average 333 days | Min 46 days | Max 908 days (12)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Blackberry?
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Blackberry Folklore & Trivia

The blackberry is not actually a berry, in the botanical sense, but rather an aggregate fruit1.

Other names for Blackberry

Shrubby blackberry, Bramble, Mûre, Sylvanberry, caneberry

Rubus fruticosus L. [excluded]

Misspellings: Black Berry, Rubus fruiticosus

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