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Common fig 'White Genoa'

Ficus carica

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'White Genoa' is a Common fig variety in the Fig genus with a scientific name of Ficus carica.

Self-fertile. A good bearer of long pale green fruit, flesh is reddish-pink with a sweet flavour.

Used for fresh fruit1, drying1 and jam. The fruit must be allowed to ripen on the tree.1 Fresh figs can be stored in the refrigerator for only 2 – 3 days.

Young fruit begins to develop at the base of the leaves on the growing tips of the braches.

It is normal for small figs to stay on the tree in winter and to restart growth in spring. These plants can produce two crops of fruit each year, a summer crop and an autumn crop.

IF PRUNING – bear in mind most fruit is produced on new wood

Bearing will commence at quite an early stage in the trees’ life, starting from as little as 2 years old and reaching full bearing capacity by the time the trees are 7 years old.

This variety is a Fruit that typically grows as an Perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more. White Genoa is known for growing to a height of approximately 7.62 metres (24.77 feet).

White Genoa Common fig needs a moderate amount of maintenance, so some level of previous experience comes in handy when growing this plant. Ensure that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant and keep an eye out for pests.

This variety plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about White Genoa have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow White Genoa

  • Partial Sun

  • Medium

Remove old branches that are unproductive annually.
They can be trained to grow against a courtyard wall as an espalier or a fan.

They also need good drainage and consistent supply of water while growing- sporadic water can cause fruit to split.

From http://www.greengold.com.au/wallsend/downloads/figs.pdf
This nursery recommends fertilizer (such as citrus) at the rate of 500 grams per year of the trees age until the tree is 10 years old, then continue to apply at the 10 year rate for the rest of the trees’ life. Be sure to spread the fertilizer evenly around the drip line of the tree and do not let it accumulate around the base of the trunk as burning will occur.

Mulch around the base of the trees so as to retain moisture during hot periods. Sugar cane mulch or well rotted manures are ideally suited for this purpose.

Try to plant in a location that enjoys partial sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that White Genoa is thought of as hardy, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures. The USDA Hardiness Zones typically associated with White Genoa are Zone 5 and Zone 11. Try to keep the ph of your soil between the range of 6.0 and 6.5 as White Genoa likes to be in weakly acidic soil.

Growing White Genoa from seed

Transplanting White Genoa

Figs prefer full sun, but some morning shade is okay.
The White Genoa fig will grow in cooler climates.
Soil with an excess of nitrogen can encourage leafy growth and no fruit.

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as White Genoa is a hardy plant.

Harvesting White Genoa

Must be harvested ripe.1

This variety tends to be ready for harvesting by mid summer.

White Genoa folklore & trivia

To the Greeks the fig was a gift of Demeter, and made sacred to Dionysus.2

In central Africa and the Far East the fig tree is known as the Tree of Life and Knowledge.2 The tree where Buddha meditated was a variety of fig.2

Fig Newtons were most likely named for a town near the original manufacturing plant.2

Footnotes