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Durio zibethinus

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Belonging to the Durio genus, Durian has a botanical name of Durio zibethinus.

In tropical forests durian trees can reach heights of between 27-40 m, however, in commercial orchard situations heights are usually maintained between 18-20 m. Durian usually has a stout, straight trunk (once mature) and an irregular dense or open crown of branches up the length of the tree. Flowers are borne in clusters on the trunk and the branches.

Pollination is almost exclusively by cave fruit bats (Eonycteris Spelaea).1

Durian fruit is ovoid or round in shape and approximately 15-30 cm long and 12-15 cm wide. It can weigh up to 8 kg. The yellowish-green rind is thick, tough and covered with stout, sharply pointed spines and handling without gloves can be painful.

Blooms appear in these approximate colours:   Antique white. The mature flowers take a clustered form, with an approximate petal count of 5. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Sap green.

It is a flowering edible fruit and is treated mainly as an evergreen, so it retains its leaves throughout the year.

Durian is known for its tree habit and growing to a height of approximately 40.00 metres (130.00 feet). This plant tends to bloom in early summer.

Thailand is believed to be where Durian originates from.

Be aware that Durian typically needs a fair amount of maintenance and care in order to grow successfully. Ensure that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant and keep an eye out for pests. Pay attention to weeding, feed and pruning schedules to ensure your plant remains in peak condition.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Durian have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Durian

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Remember to water Durian often. A soil ph of between 6.1 and 7.5 is ideal for Durian as it does best in weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Durian is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.

See our list of companion Plants for Durian to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Durian from seed

Ensure a seed sowing distance of 32.50 feet (10.00 metres).

Transplanting Durian

As Durian is tender, ensure temperatures are mild enough to plant out (around 5°C / 41°F as a guideline) - wait until after your last frost date to be on the safe side.

How long does Durian take to grow?

These estimates for how long Durian takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

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Durian Etymology

The name Durian comes from the Malay word duri (thorn) together with the suffix -an (for building a noun in Malay).1

Durian Folklore & Trivia

The fruit’s odor has been described as pig-shit, turpentine and onions, garnished with a gym sock. The odor is obvious yards away.1

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