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Brassica rapa (Rapa Group)

Turnip is part of the Brassica (Mustard) genus and its scientific name is Brassica rapa (Rapa Group).

Plant turnips in early spring, four to six weeks before last frost. Plant turnips to mature in cool weather as hot weather creates a strong-tasting turnip.

It is an edible vegetable that typically grows as a biennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of two years.

Turnip is known for its forb growing habit.

Consider Purple Top White Globe, Seven Top Greens, Hakurei F1, Golden Globe and Golden Ball to grow as they are very popular with home gardeners.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Turnip have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Turnip

Turnip requires a soil ph of 6.5 - 7.0 meaning it does best in weakly acidic soil - neutral soil.

See our list of companion Plants for Turnip to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Turnip from seed

Ensure a distance of 0.98 inches (2.5 cm) between seeds when sowing - look to sow at a depth of approximately 0.47 inches (1.2 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 4°C / 39°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Turnip about 35 days before your last frost date .

Transplanting Turnip

Seed Saving Turnip

Seed viability is four years.

How long does Turnip take to grow?

These estimates for how long Turnip takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Turnip to germinate?
8 days

Average 8 days | Min 1 days | Max 25 days (168)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Turnip?
+ 15 days

Average 15 days | Min 10 days | Max 42 days (5)

Days to Maturity How long until Turnip is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 23 days

Average 23 days | Min 15 days | Max 36 days (4)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Turnip?
= 46 days

When should I plant Turnip?

Our when to plant Turnip estimates are relative to your last frost date.

Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!

When to sow The number of days to sow Turnip before or after your last frost date.
35 days before Last Frost Date

Other names for Turnip

Field mustard

Brassica rapa var. rapa, Brassica rapa Rapifera Group

Latest Turnip Reviews

  • Excellent sweet salad turnip which can also be cooked. No need to peel. Easy to grow. I only give it 4 stars because I still prefer the flavor of a similar turnip, Tokyo Cross.

    4 stars

    vaericks about growing Turnip 'Hakurei'
  • Grew reliably this summer. I took thinnings to the farmer’s market. The fastest growing plants were mounded up with dirt and left to produce seed next summer.

    5 stars

    JosephsGarden about growing Turnip, Purple Top White Globe -- Seed Production

See all Turnip reviews and experiences »


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