Gardens
Plants
Journals
Forums
Questions
Seed Swaps

Mustard plant

Brassica juncea

Mustard plant is part of the Brassica (Mustard) genus. Its scientific name is Brassica juncea. The botanical name epithet for Mustard plant (juncea) means 'rush-like'.

The origins of mustard are lost to history, but it is a Northern Hemisphere plant, the seeds of which have been found in Stone Age settlements. Egyptians tossed the seeds onto their food, and sent King Tut to the great beyond with a goodly supply in his tomb. The Sumerians ground it into a paste and mixed it with verjus, the juice of unriped grapes. Wealthy Romans ground it and mixed it with wine at the table. Cultivated for thousands of years, mustard was the primary spice known to Europeans before the advent of the Asian spice trade: Westerners had mustard long before pepper, which originated in India. Once trade routes were established, ancient people from India to Egypt to Rome chewed mustard seeds with their meat for seasoning.

Our word mustard comes from the Middle English mustarde, meaning condiment; which in turn comes from the Old French mostarde. Mosto derives from the Latin mustum, the word for grape must, or young, unfermented wine, which was the liquid mixed with ground mustard seed by French monks who made the condiment. (Today, white wine and verjus, the juice of unripe grapes, are used to make several varieties of mustard; various vinegars are used to make most others.) The monk’s word for mustard was mustum ardens, meaning “burning wine.”
There are about 40 species of mustard plants. The ones used to make the commercial mustard products are the black, brown and white mustard. White mustard, which originated in the Mediterranean basin, is what largely ends up as bright yellow hot dog mustard; brown mustard, which originated in the Himalayas, is the basic Chinese restaurant mustard served in America and the basis for most American and European mustards; and black mustard is popular in the Middle East and Asia Minor, where it originated (it needs to be hand-harvested, so isn’t used much in the West). The mustard plant is in the same family as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collard, kale and kohlrabi.

The condiment is made from the tiny seeds of the plant, which do not become pungent until they are cracked and mixed with a liquid. It is sold in powder form or already mixed as a paste (when it is properly called prepared mustard). All parts of the mustard plant are edible: The leaves of the plant, known as mustard greens, are delicious in salads when they are young and tender. Older leaves with stems may be eaten fresh as a vegetable. Mustard greens are often cooked with ham or salt pork, and are used in soups and stews. The mustard seeds are also used to make an aromatic oil, and the flowers can be enjoyed as edible decorations.

Cracked Mustard Seeds
Here, the mustard seeds have been cracked, exposing the brown kernel inside, and mixed with vinegar to create spicy, “whole grain” mustard. Photo by Dominic Morel | SXC.

Not only tasty, the mustard plant also has significant health benefits. Mustard seeds contain nutrients called isothiocyanates that have been shown to prevent the growth of cancer cells, particularly with regards to stomach and colon cancer. The seeds also contain selenium, which reduces the severity of asthma and rheumatoid arthritis, and magnesium, which may reduce high blood pressure and the frequency of migraines. 1

It is a flowering edible vegetable / herb that typically grows as an annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year.

Normally grows with a shrubby habit.

This plant is a great attractor for butterflies and bees, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Mustard plant is a great choice.

Popular varieties of Mustard plant with home gardeners are Red Giant, Southern Giant Curled, Ruby Streaks, Osaka Purple and Florida Broadleaf.

Greece is believed to be where Mustard plant originates from.

Mustard plant is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Mustard plant have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Mustard plant

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

No need fertilization when organic matter is well mixed with soil in beds or plots.

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Mustard plant is thought of as hardy, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.

See our list of companion Plants for Mustard plant to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Mustard plant from seed

Moist loose soils is excellent for germinating mustard seeds.

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 7.02 inches (18.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.39 inches (1.0 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 12°C / 54°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Mustard plant

Prefer sandy loam soils in slopy or raised beds.prefer direct sunlight in cool climates with 15C temperature.

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Mustard plant is a hardy plant.

Harvesting Mustard plant

Mustard has old and new leaves. If you want long term harvesting, trim the old leaves followed by next set of leaves every 5 days. Need watering to ensure continous leaf growth and development.mustard leaves are excellent substitute for chinese cabbage in kimchi making.Philippine kimchi is called buroh using vinegar and fish sause or patis plus garlic and chilli and salt.The use of korean ingredients in kimchi using mustard will produce excellent asian salad dish.

How long does Mustard plant take to grow?

These estimates for how long Mustard plant takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Mustard plant to germinate?
6 days

Average 6 days | Min 2 days | Max 20 days (137)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Mustard plant?
+ 10 days

Average 10 days | Min 4 days | Max 32 days (4)

Days to Maturity How long until Mustard plant is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 64 days

Average 64 days | Min 26 days | Max 130 days (29)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Mustard plant?
= 80 days

Mustard plant Etymology

Must tar is combination of two words describing a scent or flavor plus a paste usually appear like a tar.

Mustard plant Folklore & Trivia

  • The ancient Chinese considered mustard an aphrodisiac.
  • German lore advises a bride to sew mustard seeds into the hem of her wedding dress to assure her dominance of the household.
  • In Denmark and India, it is believed that spreading mustard seeds around the exterior of the home will keep out evil spirits.

The Greeks used mustard as both a condiment and a medicine: The mathematician and scientist Pythagoras (570-ca. 490 B.C.E.) prescribed it for scorpion stings and the pioneering physician Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.E.) used it as a medicine and for poultices, a use that continued until recent times as mustard plasters. According to Colman’s Mustard, an early reference to the potent nature of the mustard seed was in exchange between King Darius of Persia and the young Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.E.). Darius gave Alexander a sack of sesame seeds to represent the number of men in his army, and Alexander responded with a sack of mustard seeds to represent both the number and the fiery nature of his army.

Mustard Trivia

Have fun with these mustard facts:

Mustard Popularity

  • More than 700 million pounds of mustard are consumed worldwide each year.
  • Mustard is the second most-used spice in the U.S., following peppercorns.
  • Pope John XXII was so fond of mustard that he created a new Vatican position—grand moutardier du pape (grand mustard-maker to the pope)—and promptly filled the post with his nephew.
  • National Mustard Day is August 1st.
  • In one year at New York’s Yankee Stadium more than 1,600 gallons plus 2,000,000 individual packets of mustard are consumed.

Mustard Uses

  • Magritte Mustard All parts of the mustard plant are edible: the seeds (from which prepared mustard is made), the leaves and flowers.
  • Prepared mustard dates back thousands of years to the early Romans, who used to grind mustard seeds and mix them with wine into a paste very similar to modern mustard.2mustard leaves used as wrappings in fish and meat before ddeep.frying in oil will have an excellent tempura!

Other names for Mustard plant

Mustard, Indian mustard, Bau sin chinese mustard, Moustasah

Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

Latest Mustard plant Reviews

See all Mustard plant reviews and experiences »

Footnotes

Mustard plant Forums

No groups yet - why not start a new one?