Fennel is a member of the Foeniculum family. Its botanical name is Foeniculum vulgare. The scientific name epithet vulgare means 'common'.
Highly aromatic and slightly odd plant that is a poor companion for everything. It can grow close to dill, however, they tend to cross pollinate. On the other hand, fennel attracts a variety of beneficial insects into the garden. Aphids dislike fennel so they are repelled by it. Fennel is also a flea repellent.2
Blooms normally display as a colour very similar to Blanched Almond.
It is a flowering edible herb that typically grows as a perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more.
Fennel is known for its forb-like habit and growing to a height of approximately 1.80 metres (5.85 feet).
This plant is a great attractor for butterflies, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Fennel is a great choice.
Fennel is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Fennel have been kindly provided by our members.
Grow fennel by itself as it is not liked by a lot of other plants.
Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Zone 4 to 9 are typically the USDA Hardiness Zones that are appropriate for this plant (although this can vary based on your microclimate). Fennel needs a soil ph of 6.1 to 7.8 (weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil). Fennel is generally regarded as a hardy plant, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.
See our list of companion Plants for Fennel to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
Harvesting Fennel Seeds : Harvest only when the seeds are completely mature (late Autumn / Fall) Dry out by spreading the seeds in a thin layer over a screen in a cool dark place. Make sure the area is well ventilated and check often to turn the fennel seeds over to make sure all sides dry completely. After drying, store in an airtight container until use.
Seed viability is four years.
These estimates for how long Fennel takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.
Average 10 days | Min 5 days | Max 22 days (29)
Average 46 days | Min 25 days | Max 68 days (7)
Average 277 days | Min 154 days | Max 1331 days (7)
Dried fennel leaves protect dogs from fleas when the leaves are put inside the dog’s house.2
Sweet fennel, Bronze fennel
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
One fennel plant was eaten or chewed by a rabbit or the gopher turtle.
Kevalsha about growing Fennel Zeta Fino