United States Edition

Ghost pepper   

Capsicum chinense x capsicum frutescens

Belonging to the Capsicum genus, Ghost pepper has a botanical name of Capsicum chinense x capsicum frutescens.

This landrace chile originates from the northeast of India, particularly Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It belongs to Capsicum chinense family and is known by many names in the different Indian provinces. Like other varieties of the Chinense species, the leaf surface has the characteristic crinkle look and the flowers are pendant, with creamy white corollas, often with a touch of light green. Under the right growing conditions these chiles are blisteringly hot with recent tests indicating a heat level of 1,041,427 Scoville Heat Units.

When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Falu red and   Red-orange. Ghost pepper grows as a perennial and is a flowering edible vegetable / fruit. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater). Normally grows with a erect habit.

Being a fairly low maintenance plant, Ghost pepper is normally quite easy to grow provided a minimum level of care is given throughout the year. It will be helpful to note the correct soil, sun and water needs of this plant to ensure that this plant thrives.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Ghost pepper have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Ghost pepper

  • Full Sun

    OR +
  • Partial Sun

    +
  • Medium

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun / partial sun and remember to water moderately. The USDA Zones typically associated with Ghost pepper are Zone 5 and Zone 12. Planting Ghost pepper in loamy soil with a ph of between 7.0 and 8.5 is ideal for as it does best in neutral soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Ghost pepper is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.

Growing Ghost pepper from seed

Sow 0.2 inches (0.5 cm) deep with a guideline distance of 1.95 inches (5.0 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 18°C / 64°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Ghost pepper

Transplant out when all danger of frost has passed.

Companion plants for Ghost pepper

These plants have been known to grow well alongside Ghost pepper so consider planting:

Repellent plants for Ghost pepper

These plants will not grow well with Ghost pepper so avoid planting these within close proximity:

Common Ghost pepper problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Ghost pepper plants:

Ghost pepper Etymology

The most common names include Bhut jolokia, Bih jolokia, Nagahari, Raja Mircha, Raja chilli or Borbih jolokia. For example Bih jolokia translates to ‘poison chilli’ in Assamese. Bhut Jolokia translates to ‘Ghost chilli’ probably due to its ghostly bite. Raja Mircha means ‘King of Chillies’.

Other names for Ghost pepper

Bhut jolokia, Bhot Jolokia, red naga chilli, Ghost chilli, Bih Jolokia, Saga Jolokia, Indian mystery chili, Tezpur chili, Nagahari, Naga hari, Naga jolokia, Raja mircha, Raja chilli, Borbih jolokia, Silver Bullet, ভোট-জলকীয়া

Capsicum chinense

Misspellings: Gost pepper, ghost chili pepper, Bhoot Jolokia, Bhut Jolokia, jalokia, naga jalokia, borbi jalokia, borbi jolokia, bi jalokia, bih jalokia, Ghost chilli, White Bullet

Ghost pepper care instructions

How long does Ghost pepper take to grow?

These estimates for how long Ghost pepper takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Footnotes

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