Belonging to the Capsicum genus, Ghost pepper has a botanical name of Capsicum chinense x capsicum frutescens.
This landrace chile originates from the northeast of India, particularly Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It belongs to Capsicum chinense family and is known by many names in the different Indian provinces. Like other varieties of the Chinense species, the leaf surface has the characteristic crinkle look and the flowers are pendant, with creamy white corollas, often with a touch of light green. Under the right growing conditions these chiles are blisteringly hot with recent tests indicating a heat level of 1,041,427 Scoville Heat Units.When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours: Falu red and Red-orange. Ghost pepper grows as a perennial and is a flowering edible vegetable / fruit. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater). Normally grows with a erect habit. This plant tends to be ready for harvesting by mid autumn.
India is believed to be where Ghost pepper originates from.
Being a fairly low maintenance plant, Ghost pepper is normally quite easy to grow provided a minimum level of care is given throughout the year. It will be helpful to note the correct soil, sun and water needs of this plant to ensure that this plant thrives.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Ghost pepper have been kindly provided by our members.
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See our list of companion Plants for Ghost pepper to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
Start indoors six to eight weeks before last frost date.Sow 0.2 inches (0.5 cm) deep with a guideline distance of 1.95 inches (5.0 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 18°C / 64°F to ensure good germination.
Transplant out when all danger of frost has passed.As Ghost pepper is tender, ensure temperatures are mild enough to plant out (around 10°C / 50°F as a guideline) - wait until after your last frost date to be on the safe side.
Cut the top of the pepper off. Remove seeds by shaking, tapping, or pulling with your finger. Dry seeds on a paper towel for two weeks. Using gloves is recommended,
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Ghost pepper plants:
The most common names include Bhut jolokia, Bih jolokia, Nagahari, Raja Mircha, Raja chilli or Borbih jolokia. For example Bih jolokia translates to ‘poison chilli’ in Assamese. Bhut Jolokia translates to ‘Ghost chilli’ probably due to its ghostly bite. Raja Mircha means ‘King of Chillies’.
Bhut jolokia, Bhot Jolokia, red naga chilli, Ghost chilli, Bih Jolokia, Saga Jolokia, Indian mystery chili, Tezpur chili, Nagahari, Naga hari, Naga jolokia, Raja mircha, Raja chilli, Borbih jolokia, Silver Bullet, ভোট-জলকীয়া, Naga Morich,
Misspellings: Gost pepper, ghost chili pepper, Bhoot Jolokia, Bhut Jolokia, jalokia, naga jalokia, borbi jalokia, borbi jolokia, bi jalokia, bih jalokia, Ghost chilli, White Bullet