Bee Balm is part of the Monarda genus and its scientific name is Monarda didyma.
Monarda didyma ‘Blue Stocking’ (‘Blaustrumpf’)
Common name: Beebalm, Oswego Tea, Monarda, Bergamot, Horsemint
Family: Lamiaceae, Mint
Height: 2 to 4 feet
Growth rate: moderate to fast
Foliage: opposite, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3-6" long, serrate margins, smooth (glabrous) to hairy (villous-hirsute), dark green
Flowers: violet-blue; 2-3" tubular flowers in dense terminal whorls either in one or two layers;
Hardiness: zones 3-9
Soil: tolerates most soils including drought
Light: will tolerate full sun to shade; spreads faster in shade
Pests and Problems: one of most resistant cultivars to powdery mildew in trials in Vermont
Landscape habit, uses: borders, naturalized, bees and hummingbirds; aggressive habit especially in South
Other interest: native to eastern N. America; genus named for Nicolas Monardes, a 16th century Spanish botanist; name Oswego Tea is from early explorer John Bartram who found settlers near Oswego, NY using leaves for a tea (it is still used in Earl Grey tea); name Beebalm is from its attractiveness to bees.
Other culture: division usually needed every 3 years as centers die out and to prevent excessive spread; allow air circulation and provide sufficient moisture to reduce mildew; remove spent flowers for prolonged bloom
Propagation: division of clumps in spring is most common for cultivars, also possible from seed for species and cuttings (softwood and root)
Sources: many; as always, check with your local garden center or perennial nursery 1
United States is believed to be where Bee Balm originates from.
Bee Balm is great for inexperienced gardeners and those that like low maintainance gardens.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Bee Balm have been kindly provided by our members.
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Plant in late winter/early summer
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Bee Balm so consider planting:
Bee Balm likes Butterfly weed
These plants will not grow well with Bee Balm so avoid planting these within close proximity:
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Bee Balm plants:
White powdery spot disease that affects a large variety of plants.
Bergamot, Beebalm, Oswego Tea