Belonging to the Hibiscus genus, Confederate rose has a botanical name of Hibiscus mutabilis. The botanical name epithet mutabilis means 'variable'.
Confederate Rose is a Chinese plant more closely related to cotton than a rose. The Confederate Roses appear from the late summer into fall, when other plans have finished blooming. Each flower blooms independently and has a three day life cycle where the color changes daily from white to pink, and then red.
The Confederate is deciduous losing it leaves in the Fall, however, it grows back fast to 8 feet during the Summer and blooms heavily in the Fall, usually September.
likes full sun, well-drained , slightly acid soil. It grows as a multi-branched shrub or a small deciduous tree with low branches which can get up to 12 feet tall and wide so allow room for expansion.
It is hardy in zone 8-10 and will die back with the first hard freeze but return in spring getting larger each year. If you are growing it in a container it will be easy to maintain.Blooms appear in these approximate colours: Carnation pink. The mature flowers are of a double form. Confederate rose grows as an annual/perennial and is a flower / ornamental. Being an annual / perennial plant, it tends to grow either as a single season plant, or a plant that can stay in your garden for many years. Normally grows with a bushy habit. This plant tends to bloom in early autumn.
China is believed to be where Confederate rose originates from.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Confederate rose have been kindly provided by our members.
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To shape it into a tree, choose one large dominant branch and cut away all others.
When to prune?
In colder climates, once the plant freezes, cut it back to several inches above the ground. New growth will emerge in mid spring. Pruning in the fall/winter can encourage new growth which will be prone to cold damage.
When the first frost nips off the leaves, cut back the shrub to 12 inches above the ground and cover it with a cardboard box. Mound pine straw over the box to insulate the stem and roots. Uncover it in late March; the stem should put out new shoots immediately.
You can cut back 1/3 to 1/2 of the branches down to 1/2 up to 6 inches above the ground of the stem and then prune the rest one month later. This way you will reduce the size, get a fuller bush and still have flowers. Remember heavy pruning can delay blooming. You can also prune lightly throughout the year. In colder regions Confederate rose will die back to the ground and the roots will send up new growth which bloom that summer.Plant in a location that enjoys full sun / partial sun and remember to apply water fairly sparingly. Use Zone 7 - Zone 9 as your guideline for the appropriate climate for this plant. Keep in mind when planting that Confederate rose is thought of as hardy, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures.
See our list of companion Plants for Confederate rose to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
There are several ways to propagate a confederate rose.
Fall: try rooting your cutting in water, or in a bucket of damp sand and keep it out of direct sunlight. Store in a cool (not freezing) spot for the winter. If that doesn’t work try it in the Spring with new growth. Start with a pencil-thick 5-6 inch cutting of firm new growth, strip off the lower leaves and insert cutting in a mix of 3 parts sand to 1 part peat. Rooting is quicker and should take 4-5 weeks. Transplant when the plant is dormant or in early spring.
After the flower turns red a seed pod is formed which can be opened and the seed planted to form new plants.
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Confederate rose plants:
Dixie rosemallow, Confederate rose shrub, Cotton rose
Hibiscus mutabilis L.