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Port wine magnolia

Michelia figo

Port wine magnolia is a member of the Michelia family. Its botanical name is Michelia figo.

Michelia figo (Port Wine Magnolia) is an evergreen tree to 3 metres. It is an excellent choice for a flowering hedge. It has cream to purple coloured fleshy flowers with glossy dark green leaves, and a very string perfume that is reminiscent of bananas, tutti fruity gum or similar strong fruity smells.

Shallow rooted, but dense (but slow) growing, so perfect for hedges and topiary.

Grown in shade, Port Wine Magnolia shrubs grow more open and looser and as such may grow taller than expected. Port wines grown in sunny situations tend to be more compact with denser foliage.

It has an Evergreen lifecycle, which is defined as a plant that keeps its leaves throughout the year. Normally growing to a mature height of 3.00 metres (9.75 feet), Port wine magnolia grows with a tree habit. This plant tends to bloom in early spring.

China is believed to be where Port wine magnolia originates from.

Port wine magnolia is normally fairly low maintenance and quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Port wine magnolia have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Port wine magnolia

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Prefers well drained and slightly acid soils, from 6 to 6.5. Slow growing. Don’t cut or prune this garden plant rather just pinch out tips.

Port-wine magnolias grow well in most areas, from tropical to cold temperate – except for the cold mountain zones. Likes a well drained position in acidic soil with added organic material. Water during summer.

Enjoys a full sun position in your garden and remember to water moderately. Port wine magnolia needs a sandy soil with a ph of 6.0 to 6.5 (weakly acidic soil). Port wine magnolia is generally regarded as a hardy plant, so it can be safe to leave outdoors for the majority of winter (although if in doubt, using a row cover is often a good idea).

See our list of companion Plants for Port wine magnolia to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Port wine magnolia from seed

Transplanting Port wine magnolia

Port wine magnolia is hardy, so ensure you wait until all danger of frost has passed in your area before considering planting outside.

Common Port wine magnolia problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Port wine magnolia plants:

Port Wine Magnolias are not known to suffer from much disease – scale may develop, but should be easily controlled.

Port wine magnolia Etymology

Portwine Magnolia is also called banana shrub as it’s strongly perfumed flowers smell of bananas mixed with chewing gum.

Other names for Port wine magnolia

Banana shrub, Port-wine Magnolia

Michelia fuscata, Magnolia figo

Port wine magnolia care instructions

How long does Port wine magnolia take to grow?

These estimates for how long Port wine magnolia takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!


Popular varieties of Port wine magnolia

View the complete variety list for Port wine magnolia »

Port wine magnolia Forums

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