Liquorice is part of the Glycyrrhiza genus. Its scientific name is Glycyrrhiza glabra.
The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas), native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.1 It is not related to Anise, Star Anise or Fennel, which are the source of superficially similar flavouring compounds. It is an herbaceous perennial, growing to 1 m in height. 1It is a herb and is treated mainly as a perennial, so it grows best over a period of time (3 years and greater). Normally grows with a forb habit.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Liquorice have been kindly provided by our members.
See our list of companion Plants for Liquorice to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
Liquorice grows best in deep, fertile, well-drained soils, with full sun, and is harvested in the autumn, two to three years after planting. 1
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Liquorice plants:
The latin ‘glabra’ means “smooth”.2
The flavour of liquorice comes mainly from a sweet-tasting compound called anethole, an aromatic, unsaturated ether compound also found in anise, fennel, and other herbs. Additional sweetness in liquorice comes from glycyrrhizic acid, an anti-viral compound sweeter than sugar.
Used medicinally to treat cold symptoms.3
Cultivated licorice, Spanish licorice, European licorice, Licorice
Glycyrrhiza glabra L.