United States Edition

Cherimoya

Annona cherimola

Cherimoya is a plant which belongs to the Annona genus.

Small to medium subtropical tree. Native to subtropical regions of South America; young trees are very frost sensitive, though mature trees can withstand temperatures a few degrees below freezing. Dislikes extreme heat, and doesn’t perform as well in truly tropical locales as it’s relatives sugar apple, custard apple, soursop and biriba. Seeds have a high germination rate, and seedlings are rather vigorous. Edible fruit is renowned (however, watch out if you have a latex allergy), all other parts of the plant are variably poisonous if ingested, and seeds should NOT be eaten.

It is a flowering edible fruit and is treated mainly as an evergreen, so it retains its leaves throughout the year. Cherimoya is known for its tree habit and growing to a height of approximately 6.71 metres (21.79 feet).

Cherimoya is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Cherimoya have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Cherimoya

  • Full Sun

    OR +
  • Partial Sun

    +
  • Medium

Hand pollinate for fruit set: male and female flowers form on the same tree, but not at the same time, and male pollen is highly perishable unless refrigerated.

Position in a full sun / partial sun location and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Cherimoya is thought of as half hardy, so remember to protect this plant from frosts and low temperatures.

Growing Cherimoya from seed

Seed germination time can vary from 2.5 weeks to a few months. Bottom heat will greatly speed up germination.

Soak seeds in room temperature water for 24-48 hours; discard those that float. The percentage of germination in soaked seeds is lower than in unsoaked seeds, but those that do germinate will do so much more quickly. Seeds should be planted about an inch deep.

Seeds can be stored for several months.

Transplanting Cherimoya

Transplant into individual pots when 3-5 inches tall. Seedlings will develop a taproot, and should not be in a too-large container, but will need some room for root growth. Generally a sun-loving plant when mature, but young cherimoyas will be fairly vigorous in filtered light as well.

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around -2°C / 28°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Cherimoya is a half hardy plant.

Harvesting Cherimoya

Cherimoya can be picked when it turns a light green color and feels soft to the touch.

Companion plants for Cherimoya

These plants have been known to grow well alongside Cherimoya so consider planting:

Repellent plants for Cherimoya

These plants will not grow well with Cherimoya so avoid planting these within close proximity:

Common Cherimoya problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Cherimoya plants:

Other names for Cherimoya

Custard apple

Cherimoya care instructions

How long does Cherimoya take to grow?

These estimates for how long Cherimoya takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Footnotes

Popular varieties of Cherimoya

View the complete variety list for Cherimoya »

Cherimoya Forums

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