Rambutan is a member of the Nephelium family. Its botanical name is Nephelium lappaceum.
Rambutan trees can reach heights of 15-25 m if not pruned but are usually maintained at heights of between 4-8 m for ease of harvesting. Rambutan trees have a straight trunk and a dense, usually spreading crown. Mature leaves are a dark green. There are three flower types – males, hermaphrodite functioning as males and hermaphrodite functioning as females and flowers are borne in terminal panicles. Fruit is ovoid, pinkish-red or yellow (dependent on variety) and has a thin leathery rind covered with soft, fleshy spinterns. Within is the white, juicy flesh surrounding a small seed.It is a fruit and is treated mainly as a perennial, so it grows best over a period of time (3 years and greater). Rambutan normally grows to a tree habit with a max height of 39.00 feet (that's 12.00 metres metric). This plant tends to mature and be ready for harvest in late summer.
Indonesia is believed to be where Rambutan originates from.
Rambutan tends to need a moderate amount of maintenance, so ensuring that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant is quite important to ensure you have a happy and healthy plant.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Rambutan have been kindly provided by our members.
Rambutan seedlings bear fruit in 5-6 years but the ratio of female to male trees is 4-5 to 7. Vegetative propagation is essential. Budding is the preferred method with budded trees flowering after three years.Remember to water Rambutan very often. Use Zone 10 - Zone 11 as your guideline for the appropriate climate for this plant. Rambutan needs a loamy soil with a ph of 5.5 to 6.5 (weakly acidic soil). Rambutan is generally regarded as a tender plant, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.
See our list of companion Plants for Rambutan to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.
After removal from fruit rambutan seed is washed and planted horizontally with seed germinating in around 10 days.
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Rambutan plants:
Rambutan in Indonesian or Malay literally means “hairy” or “hairy fruit”.In Tagalog ,this word is synonymous to Lambutan meaning tender or soft.
Dimocarpus crinita, Euphorbia nephelium