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Bergamot Orange    

Citrus aurantium ssp. bergamia

Bergamot Orange is part of the Citrus genus. Its scientific name is Citrus aurantium ssp. bergamia.

Bergamot is thought to be a hybrid of sour orange and citron or lemon. It has been grown in the Mediterranean for several centuries. The sour fruit of this citrus is grown for the rind, which contains an essential oil used in perfumes, baked goods, confectionery, and most famously as a flavour additive in Earl Grey tea.

The bergamot orange is unrelated to the herb known as bergamot,which is in the mint family.

Blooms typically mature to a diameter of 1.0 cm (0.39 inches imperial) and produce a sweet and peppery fragrance, whilst displaying in these approximate colours:   Floral white. The mature flowers take a single form, with an approximate petal count of 5. When ripe, fruit appear in these approximate colours:   Sandstorm. Leaves appear approximately as a   Napier green colour. A type of semi-edible fruit, it mainly grows as an evergreen plant - which means it retains leaves throughout the year. Bergamot Orange normally grows with a tree habit to a mature height of 12.00 metres (that's 39.00 feet imperial). This plant tends to bloom in late spring, followed by first harvests in late winter.

Italy is believed to be where Bergamot Orange originates from.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Bergamot Orange have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Bergamot Orange

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Bergamot Orange likes a position of full sun and remember to water moderately. The USDA Zones typically associated with Bergamot Orange are Zone 9 and Zone 11. Bergamot Orange tends to grow best in a soil ph of between 5.6 and 7.5 meaning it does best in weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Bergamot Orange is thought of as tender, so it is really important to ensure that the outside temperature is well above freezing before planting or moving outdoors.

See our list of companion Plants for Bergamot Orange to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Bergamot Orange from seed

Soil temperature should be kept higher than 12°C / 54°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Bergamot Orange

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around 12°C / 54°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Bergamot Orange is a tender plant.

Common Bergamot Orange problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Bergamot Orange plants:

  • Blossom End Rot

    A dark, indented, irregular-shaped patch that develops at the inferior aspect of the blossom or fruit, travelling out- and up-ward. Caused by an overall lack of calcium in the plant, which itself can be a symptom of multiple issues, including pH imbalance, over-fertilizing, under-watering, planting too soon (too cold). This is not a contagious 'disease' but rather a physiological disorder and lack of nutrients the fruit requires to produce healthy fruit. It cannot "spread" to adjacent plants, although if planted in similar conditions, other plants may suffer the same result.

Bergamot Orange Etymology

The word bergamot may derive from Bergamo, a town in Italy. Older sources suggest it may also be derived from the Turkish beg-armudi “prince’s pear” or “prince of pears.”

Other names for Bergamot Orange

Bergamot Sour Orange Hybrid

Citrus x aurantium, Citrus aurantium L. ssp. bergamia (Risso & Poit.) Wight & Arn. ex Engl.

Bergamot Orange care instructions

How long does Bergamot Orange take to grow?

These estimates for how long Bergamot Orange takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!


Popular varieties of Bergamot Orange

View the complete variety list for Bergamot Orange »

Bergamot Orange Forums

  • Citrus lovers

    Oranges and lemons, but also pomelo, calamondin, grapefruit, mandarins and every other citrus that can be found.

    63 members / 14 topics


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