Quinoa is part of the Chenopodium genus. Its scientific name is Chenopodium quinoa.
Grown for its edible seeds and leaves, Quinoa is a grain that has been to known to be cultivated for at least 5000-6000 years.
Rinse seeds and leaves thoroughly before eating as both contain saponin, a toxin. The toxin however is usually present in such small quantities that it has an extremely little chance of doing any harm. Don’t eat leaves to excess to avoid any ill-effects from the saponin.
To prepare the grains for eating, place in a water bath for 1-2 hours, rinsing and changing the water 1-2 times. Other methods include placing grain in a cheesecloth or fine strainer and placing it under running water to remove the saponin.
It is a herb / vegetable that typically grows as an annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year. Quinoa is known for its forb habit and growing to a height of approximately 1.20 metres (3.90 feet). This plant tends to bloom in mid summer, followed by first harvests in late summer.
Quinoa can be prepared like rice, although for a more al dente texture, mix equal parts quinoa and water.
Chile is believed to be where Quinoa originates from.
Quinoa is normally fairly low maintenance and is normally quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Being aware of the basic soil, sun and water preferences will result in a happier and healthier plant.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Quinoa have been kindly provided by our members.
Quinoa can cross with it’s weedy cousins (like lambs quarters) so keep the garden weeded thoroughly if you plan to save seed for next year.
Is a great bird resistant grain thanks to the bitter taste of the saponin on the seeds and leaves.
Remember to water Quinoa moderately. Use Zone 3 - Zone 10 as your guideline for the appropriate climate for this plant. Quinoa tends to grow best in a soil ph of between 6.0 and 8.5 meaning it does best in weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Quinoa is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.
Once plants mature, they are more tolerant of dry conditions, but younger plants require more regular watering.
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Quinoa so consider planting:
These plants will not grow well with Quinoa so avoid planting these within close proximity:
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Quinoa plants:
Quinoa is a Spanish spelling of a Quechua name for the plant.
The Incas, who held the crop to be sacred, referred to quinoa as “chisaya mama” or “mother of all grains”, and it was the Inca emperor who would traditionally sow the first seeds of the season using ‘golden implements’.
Goosefoot grain, Pink quinoa, Red quinoa, Strawberry quinoa, Cherry quinoa, Inca wheat, Quinua
Misspellings: pigweed, Cherry vanilla quinoa, cherry vanilla