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Cuminum cyminum

'Cumin' is a plant in the Cuminum genus with a scientific name of Cuminum cyminum.

A culinary herb where the seeds are used whole or ground in many dishes from around the world including the Mediterranean, India, and Southwest US. Drought tolerant.

It is a flowering edible herb that typically grows as an annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year. Cumin is known for its forb habit and growing to a height of approximately 30.48 cm (11.89 inches). This plant tends to be ready for harvesting by early autumn.

India is believed to be where Cumin originates from.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Cumin have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Cumin

  • Full Sun

    OR +
  • Partial Sun

  • Medium

Requires long (3-4 months) hot summer. Likes to stay damp but do not keep their feet wet3.

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun / partial sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Cumin is thought of as tender, so remember to wait until your soil is warm and the night time temperature is well above freezing before moving outside.

See our list of companion Plants for Cumin to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Cumin from seed

Plant the seeds outside in mid May in a block (not a row). Use a cover until ALL danger of frost is gone3.

Soil temperature should be kept higher than 15°C / 59°F to ensure good germination.

By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Cumin about 120 days before your last frost date .

Transplanting Cumin

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around 9°C / 48°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Cumin is a tender plant.

Common Cumin problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Cumin plants:

Cumin Etymology

The English “cumin” derives from the French “cumin”, which was borrowed indirectly from Arabic “كمون” Kammūn via Spanish comino during the Arab rule in Spain in the 15th century. 1

Cumin Folklore & Trivia

Cumin has been used for millennium. It is mentioned in the Bible in both the Old Testament (Isaiah 28:25-27) and the New Testament (Matthew 23:23)1.

Superstition during the Middle Ages cited that cumin kept chickens and lovers from wandering. It was also believed that a happy life awaited the bride and groom who carried cumin seed throughout the wedding ceremony.1

Cumin is also used for boosting milk supply in nursing mothers.42

Cumin is the dried seed of the herb Cuminum cyminum, a member of the parsley family.5

Other names for Cumin

Jeera, Devanagari जीरा, Jira, Zeera, زيره, "jeerakam" ( ജീരകം ), Jeerige ಜೀರಿಗೆ, ಕನ್ನಡ, Kannada, Jeeragam, Seeragam, Tamil, ஜீரகம்/சீரகம், Jilakarra (telugu), Duru, Suduru, Maduru, Zireh, Kimyon, Ziran (孜然), Al-kamuwn (الكمون), Kemun

Misspellings: kumin, kumum,

Latest Cumin Reviews

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Cumin care instructions

How long does Cumin take to grow?

These estimates for how long Cumin takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

When should I plant Cumin?

Our when to plant Cumin estimates are relative to your last frost date. Enter your frost dates and we'll calculate your sowing and planting dates for you!


Popular varieties of Cumin

View the complete variety list for Cumin »

Cumin Forums

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