Garlic is a plant which belongs to the Allium genus. The origin of this plant's scientific name epithet (sativum) means 'having been cultivated'.
There are different types of garlic – the most common being hardneck garlic and softneck garlic. It is important to get the right kind of garlic for your area, as garlic can be day-length sensitive. Hardneck garlic is generally grown in cooler climates, whilst softneck garlic is generally grown closer to the equator.Solent Wight, Music, Inchelium Red, Chesnok Red, and Early Italian Purple.
Russia is thought to be the country of origin for Garlic.
As Garlic is a low maintanence plant, it is great for beginner gardeners and those that like gardens that don't need much overseeing.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Garlic have been kindly provided by our members.
Ensure not to overwater garlic plants, especially in the weeks immediately before harvesting.Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. As a rough idea of the types of climates Garlic does best in, check to see if your local area is within USDA Hardiness Zones 3 and 8. Ensure your soil has a ph of between 6.0 and 7.0 as Garlic is a weakly acidic soil - neutral soil loving plant. Keep in mind when planting that Garlic is thought of as very hardy, so this plant will tend to survive through freezing conditions.
Most modern garlic does not produce viable seed; therefore, it is propagated by breaking apart a head into individual cloves.
Shortly before planting your garlic, carefully break the cloves apart into separate pieces (this process is known as ‘cracking’) Make sure that the section that was attached to the garlic basal plate (hard flat section at the base) for each one is still intact and not damaged. Make sure you break the garlic bulb apart no more than 24 hours before planting – the roots will form from the base, so it’s best to not let this dry out to ensure that roots set quickly.
Select the largest garlic cloves, and plant these as they will create the largest bulbs when grown.Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 3.9 inches (10.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.98 inches (2.5 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 0°C / 32°F to ensure good germination.
There are a number of different strategies you can use for planting garlic, each will result in slightly different yields. You can plant garlic in double or single rows, or intensively plant with smaller distance between each plant – this will result in smaller bulbs.
Cover the planted garlic cloves with mulch to regulate soil moisture and temperature levels – however this is not recommended for areas where moisture levels are already high.
It is generally recommended that you remove the scape, which is a flowering stem that comes up from the centre of the leaves; most modern garlic does not produce viable seed, and so, in those cases the flower is most useful as an edible. The ideal time to harvest the scape is when it has curled around on itself, but before the 2nd portion straightens out. Removing the scape allows the plant to focus its energy on the bulb, instead of the bulbil that will form if the scape is allowed to grow.
The scape can be used in a wide variety of dishes, and lends a mild garlic flavour. The scape can also be pickled.
A very few varieties of hardneck garlic will produce true botanical seeds if the bulbils are removed soon after spathe break. This frees up space and nutrients for use by developing flowers. Suitable varieties tend to have came out of the former soviet union in recent decades, and are primarily in the purple stripe and marbled purple stripe groups, though seeds have also been obtained from cultivars in other groups. Male-sterility is common among garlic cultivars, so planting several varieties close together may allow pollen from fertile cultivars to pollinate flowers on male-sterile plants.
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Garlic so consider planting:
fruit trees, nightshades (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, etc), brassicas (cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, etc) carrots
These plants will not grow well with Garlic so avoid planting these within close proximity:
Alfalfa-Garlic and alfalfa both have problems with each other.1
beans, peas, parsley
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Garlic plants:
Basal rot, white rot, downey mildew, Botrytis rot and penicillium decay are the major diseases garlic can encounter. Nematodes will also attack garlic root system.
- Bulb Mites
- Pea Leafminer
- Wheat Curl Mite
The word Garlic is from the Old English gārlēac, which in turn is from gār (“spear”, in reference to the cloves) + lēac (“leek”) 3
Garlic is one of the oldest cultivated food plants – its use dates back about 6000 years and is used in a culinary sense in almost every culture in the world 2
China is the biggest producer of Garlic in the world. 2
Garlic has a long history of medicinal use.1
Cultivated garlic, Common garlic, Garden garlic, Alho
Allium sativum L.
29 Apr 2013
Looks healthy. Don’t know when to harvest.
31 Dec 2012
First grown, still being used. Can’t compare to others as not tried before.
13 Nov 2012
An excellent variety, produced the best crop of garlic I have had to date. Best ones will be kept to replant in 2013.
10 Aug 2012
What a beautiful garlic! Purple stripes and a rich, warm spicy taste, with a prolonged garlic “undertone”. Definitely worth doing again
09 Aug 2012
Less complex than some, but did spectacularly well in containers (although, of course, bulb size suffers). Slightly spicy, but mostly just garlicky. Reliable in wet seasons, and can stand in the gound
Garlic care instructions
How long does Garlic take to grow?
Popular varieties of Garlic
- Solent Wight
- Inchelium Red
- Chesnok Red
- Early Italian Purple
- German Red
- German White
- Spanish Roja
View the complete variety list for Garlic »
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