United States Edition


Zingiber officinale

Ginger is a member of the Zingiber family. Its botanical name is Zingiber officinale. The scientific name epithet officinale means 'used medicinally'.It is an edible herb that typically grows as an annual/perennial, which is defined as a plant that can matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of one year or more. Ginger is known for growing with a forb-like habit to a height of approximately 90.0 cm (that's 2.93 feet in imperial). This plant is a great attractor for butterflies, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Ginger is a great choice.

Ginger is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Ginger have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Ginger

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As one generation of canes or stalks matures and dies, a successor generation will sprout ahead of it, so periodic, regular trimming will be necessary. The overall appearance is suggestive of corn or bamboo, but with more succulent stalks, and both the appearance and spreading tendency is reminiscent or a tall grass or reed-type plant.

Not frost hardy, can be grown in pots, or perhaps as an annual (if started indoors during late fall/early winter) in temperate climates.

Grow in well-draining, fertile soil. Do not overwater.

Remember to water Ginger often. Ginger is generally regarded as a tender plant, so it is really important to plant out well after your last frost date.

Growing Ginger from seed

Can be grown from seed, or from rhizomes. A “hand” of ginger, from a market, will suffice – select a piece of ginger that is large of midsized, and very well-branched. Leave it undisturbed (a shelf or corner works well), in a dry indoor spot – not in total darkness, but not in direct sun either – a room with indirect light works best. Within a few weeks, sprouts will form at the tips of each branch. A few days later, place the sprouting hand of ginger on, or slightly beneath very well-draining soil. Fine roots will grow downwards first; stalks or canes will begin rapid upward growth a week or two later.

Sow at a depth of approx. 1.95 inches (5.0 cm) and aim for a distance of at least 7.8 inches (20.0 cm) between Ginger plants.

Transplanting Ginger

In zone 9 I transplanted my ginger from a container into the ground and it comes back every spring around May. The rhizomes are available all year. I have transplanted several rhizomes to different areas of my back yard where they get dappled sun.

Ginger is tender, so ensure you wait until all danger of frost has passed in your area before considering planting outside.

Harvesting Ginger

It takes about five months before the herb will be ready for harvesting. This may seem like a long time to wait but bear in mind that perennials generally require little help to keep coming back once they get started!

To harvest ginger root, it is not necessary to unearth the entire plant. Simply pull up the tubers growing around the tuber that was planted originally and cut the quanity needed.

Ginger stalks die in cooler regions during the wintertime but will continue growing in warmer climates. The thicker tubers of the perennial plant can be harvested each fall. Store whole ginger roots fresh, dry and grind into powder, or freeze
Source: http://www.different-kinds-of-plants.com/growingginger.html

Companion plants for Ginger

These plants have been known to grow well alongside Ginger so consider planting:

Repellent plants for Ginger

These plants will not grow well with Ginger so avoid planting these within close proximity:

Common Ginger problems

These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Ginger plants:

Other names for Ginger

Garden ginger, Culinary ginger

Zingiber officinale Roscoe

Latest Ginger Reviews

  • 06 Jul 2014

    patanne patanne's Ginger was Reviewed day 1122

    Only three or four plants seem to have survived the winter, and they’re very short.

    0 stars

  • 14 Sep 2012

    Kevalsha Kevalsha's Ginger was Reviewed day 880

    Ginger is now established and I harvest when I need it. It is great to just go pick what I need and leave the rest to grow on.

    4 stars

See all Ginger reviews and experiences »

Ginger care instructions

How long does Ginger take to grow?

These estimates for how long Ginger takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world. Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!


Popular varieties of Ginger

View the complete variety list for Ginger »

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