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Avocado 'Fuerte'

Persea americana

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Fuerte is a popular variety of Avocado, which belongs to the Persea genus (Persea americana 'Fuerte'). Fuerte is a hybrid variety.

Bears large (up to 16 ounce) fruit with thin green skin that remains green when ripe.

This variety is a Fruit that typically grows as an Perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more. Fuerte is known for its tree-like growing habit. This variety tends to bloom in mid spring.

Mexico is believed to be where Fuerte originates from.

Be aware that Fuerte Avocado typically needs a fair amount of maintenance and care in order to grow successfully. Ensure that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for this plant and keep an eye out for pests. Pay attention to weeding, feed and pruning schedules to ensure your plant remains in peak condition.

This variety plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Fuerte have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Fuerte

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun. Water during dry spells. Take care not to over water, which may cause roots to rot. Apply fertilizer four times a year after tree becomes established. Fruiting should begin approximately 2-3 years after planting.

Older trees are susceptible to iron and zinc deficiencies. They may also benefit from nitrogenous fertilizer. 1

‘Fuerte’ flowers open on a “B” schedule (flowers open twice: once in morning to disperse pollen, and a second time in the afternoon to receive pollen). Although this cultivar is capable of self-pollination, especially in favorable conditions, matching it with a cultivar on an “A” schedule may increase yields.

Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. Keep in mind when planting that Fuerte is thought of as half hardy, so it will need cloching or fleece protection when the temperature dips. The USDA Hardiness Zones typically associated with Fuerte are Zone 9 and Zone 10.

Growing Fuerte from seed

Transplanting Fuerte

Ensure that temperatures are mild (minimum night temperatures should be around -3°C / 27°F) and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Fuerte is a half hardy plant.

Harvesting Fuerte

This variety tends to be ready for harvesting by early winter.

Avocado Fuerte Etymology

The variety was named ‘Fuerte’ (Spanish for “strong”) after weathering a severe frost in 1913 much more successfully than other varieties undergoing trial in California at that time.

The Latin word “Americana” means “of the Americas”.2

Fuerte folklore & trivia

‘Fuerte’ was the most widely grown commercial variety in California for decades after its introduction in the 1910’s, but was surpassed in popularity by Hass by the end of the 20th century.

Footnotes

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